Thermoelectrics - Northwestern Materials Science

Publications

Reviews of Thermoelectric Materials and Devices

G. Jeffrey Snyder and Eric S. Toberer "Complex Thermoelectric Materials" Nature Materials 7, 105-114 (2008).


G. J. Snyder, et al “Distributed and localized cooling with thermoelectrics” Joule 5, 748 (2021). (abstract .pdf)

 

S. Kang and G.J. Snyder "Transport property analysis method for thermoelectric materials: material quality factor and the effective mass model" Chapter VI in

A. Zevalkink, S. D. Kang, G. J. Snyder, E. S. Toberer, et al. "A practical field guide to thermoelectrics: Fundamentals, synthesis, and characterization" Applied Physics Reviews 5, 021303 (2018)

 

Riley Hanus, Ramya Gurunathan, L. Lindsay, M. T. Agne, J. Shi, S. Graham, and G. J. Snyder , "Thermal transport in defective and disordered materials", Applied Physics Reviews 8, 031311 (2021)

 

Jun Peng, Matthew Grayson, G. Jeffrey Snyder, “What makes a material bendable? A thickness-dependent metric for bendability, malleability, ductility” Matter, 4, 2694 (2021) "A figure of merit for flexibility" Science 366, 690 (2019)

 

Yuan Yu, C. Zhou, S. Zhang, M. Zhu, M. Wuttig, C. Scheu, D. Raabe, G J. Snyder, B. Gault, O. Cojocaru-Mirédin “Revealing nano-chemistry at lattice defects in thermoelectric materials using atom probe tomography” Materials Today 32, 260 (2020).

 

Tiejun Zhu, Yintu Liu, Chenguang Fu, J. P. Heremans, G.J. Snyder, Xinbing Zhao “Compromise and Synergy in High-Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials” Advanced Materials 29, 1605884 (2017)

 

Wolfgang G. Zeier, Alex Zevalkink, Zachary M. Gibbs, Geoffroy Hautier, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, and G. Jeffrey Snyder ”Thinking Like a Chemist: Intuition in Thermoelectric Materials” Angewandte Chemistry, 55, 6826 (2016)

 

Kasper Borup, J. de Boor, H. Wang, F. Drymiotis, F. Gascoin, Xun Shi, Lidong Chen, M. Fedorov, E. Müller, B. B. Iversen, G. J. Snyder “Measuring Thermoelectric Transport Properties of Materials” Energy and Environmental Science 8, 423 (2015)


Nicholas A. Heinz, Teruyuki Ikeda, Yanzhong Pei and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Applying quantitative microstructure control in advanced functional composites" Advanced Functional Materials 24, 2135 (2014)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Heng Wang and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Band Engineering of Thermoelectric Materials” Advanced Materials 24, 6125 (2012)

 

E. S. Toberer, A. F. May and G. J. Snyder "Zintl Chemistry for Designing High Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials" Chemistry of Materials, 22, p624 (2010)

Eric S. Toberer, Alexandra Zevalkink, and G. Jeffrey Snyder, " Phonon engineering through crystal chemistry" Journal of Materials Chemistry  21, 15843 (2011)(corrected version .pdf

 

D.L. Medlin and G.J. Snyder "Interfaces in Bulk Thermoelectric Materials" Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science 14, 226 (2009).

 

Christophe Goupil, Wolfgang Seifert, Knud Zabrocki, Eckart Müller, Jeffrey Snyder “Thermodynamics of thermoelectric phenomena and applications” Entropy 13, 1481 (2011)

 

More Reviews and Book Chapters

 

Susan M. Kauzlarich, Shawna R. Brown and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Zintl phases for thermoelectric devices" Dalton Transactions 2007, 2099 (2007)

 

G. J. Snyder, "Small Thermoelectric Generators" Electrochem. Soc. Interface, 17, p54 (2008).

 

Ian Witting, T. C. Chasapis, Francesco Ricci, Geoffroy Hautier, G. J. Snyder et al “The Thermoelectric Properties of Bismuth Telluride” Advanced Electronic Materials 5, 1800904 (2019)

 

Aaron D. LaLonde, Yanzhong Pei and Heng Wang, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Lead Telluride Alloy Thermoelectrics” MaterialsToday 14, 526 (2011)


Book Chapters

S. M. Kauzlarich, A. Zevalkink, E. Toberer, G. J. Snyder, “Zintl Phases: Recent Developments in Thermoelectrics and Future Outlook” Chapter 1 in Thermoelectric Materials and Devices, Nandhakumar, N. M. White, S. Beeby, Eds. (Royal Soc Chemistry, Cambridge, 2017), vol. 17, pp. 1-26.

 

Wolfgang Seifert, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Eric S. Toberer, Volker Pluschke, Eckhard Müller, Christophe Goupil “Compatibility” Chapter 5, p. 227-280, in Continuum Theory and Modeling of Thermoelectric Elements, edited by C. Goupil, Wiley-VCH (2016) Draft Version .pdf

 

Heng Wang, Yanzhong Pei, Aaron D. LaLonde and G. Jeffery Snyder “Materials Design Based on the Thermoelectric Quality Factor” in Thermoelectric Nanomaterials edited by K. Koumoto and T. Mori, Springer (2013). Draft Version .pdf

 

Andrew F. May, G. Jeffery Snyder "Introduction to Modeling Thermoelectric Transport at High Temperatures" Chapter 11 in Thermoelectrics and its Energy Harvesting Vol 1, edited by D. M. Rowe. CRC Press (2012). Draft Verson .pdf

 

Snyder, G. J. "Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting" Chapter 11 in "Energy Harvesting Technologies" S. Priya, & D. Inman, Eds (2008). Draft Version .pdf

T. Ikeda, G. J. Snyder "Creation and development of nanostructure in bulk thermoelectric materials" Section 4, Chapter 2 in "Handbook of Thermoelectric Conversion Technology" Takenobu Kajikawa, Ryoji Funahashi, et al. editors (2008, in Japanese)

Snyder, G. J. "Thermoelectric Power Generation: Efficiency and Compatibility" Chapter 9, in Thermoelectrics Handbook: Macro to Nano edited by D. M. Rowe, CRC Press (2006). Draft version .pdf

E. Müller, K. Zabrocki, C. Goupil, G.J. Snyder, and W. Seifert "Functionally graded thermoelectric generator and cooler elements" Chapter 4 in Thermoelectrics and its Energy Harvesting Vol 1, edited by D. M. Rowe. CRC Press (2012). Draft version .pdf

 

 

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Materials Physics

Electronic Properties

G. J. Snyder et al., "Weighted Mobility," Advanced Materials, 2001537 (2020)

 

J. J. Kuo, M. Wood, T. J. Slade, M. G. Kanatzidis, G. J. Snyder, Systematic over-estimation of lattice thermal conductivity in materials with electrically-resistive grain boundaries. Energy & Environmental Science 13, 1250-1258 (2020).

 

M. T. Dylla, S. D. Kang, and G. J. Snyder, "Effect of Two-Dimensional Crystal Orbitals on Fermi Surfaces and Electron Transport in Three-Dimensional Perovskite Oxides," Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, 58,  5503 (2019)

 

S. D. Kang, M. Dylla, G. J. Snyder, “Thermopower-conductivity relation for distinguishing transport mechanisms: Polaron hopping in CeO₂ and band conduction in SrTiO₃” Physical Review B 97, 235201 (2018)

 

S. A. Miller et al., “Empirical modeling of dopability in diamond-like semiconductors” npj Computational Materials 4,  (2018)

 

Z.M. Gibbs, Francesco Ricci, Guodong Li, Hong Zhu, K. Persson, G. Ceder, Geoffroy Hautier, Anubhav Jain, G.J. Snyder "Effective mass and Fermi surface complexity factor from ab initio band structure calculations" NPJ Computational Materials 3, 8 (2017)

 

Stephen D. Kang and G. J. Snyder "Charge-Transport Model for Conducting Polymers" Nature Materials 16, 252 (2017)

 

Zachary M. Gibbs , Hyun-Sik Kim , Heng Wang , and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Band gap estimation from temperature dependent Seebeck measurement—Deviations from the 2e|S|maxTmax relation” Applied Physics Letters 106, 022112 (2015)

 

Tristan Day, Wolfgang Zeier, David Brown, Brent Melot, G. J. Snyder “Determining Conductivity and Mobility Values of Individual Components in Multiphase Composite Cu1.97Ag0.03Se” Applied Physics Letters 105, 172103 (2014) AIP Press Release MRS Bulletin

 

Thermal Properties

R. Gurunathan, R. Hanus, and G. J. Snyder, “Alloy scattering of phonons” Materials Horizons (2020)

 

R. Gurunathan, R. Hanus, M. Dylla, A. Katre, and G. J. Snyder, "Analytical Models of Phonon-Point-Defect Scattering," Physical Review Applied, 13,  034011 (2020)

 

M. T. Agne, P.W. Voorhees, G.J. Snyder “Phase Transformation Contributions to Heat Capacity and Impact on Thermal Diffusivity, Thermal Conductivity, and Thermoelectric Performance” Advanced Materials 31 1902980 (2019)

 

G. J. Snyder, M. T. Agne, and R. Gurunathan, "Thermal conductivity of complex materials," National Science Review, 6, 380 (2019)

 

R. Hanus, A. Garg, G. J. Snyder, “Phonon diffraction and dimensionality crossover in phonon-interface scattering” Communications Physics, 1, 78 (2018)

 

M. T. Agne, R. Hanus, G. J. Snyder, “Minimum thermal conductivity in the context of diffuson-mediated thermal transport” Energy & Environmental Science 11, 609 (2018)

 

M. T. Agne, G.J. Snyder, et al “Heat Capacity of Mg3Sb2, Mg3Bi2, and their alloys at high temperature” Materials Today Physics 6, 83 (2018)

 

Hyun Sik Kim, Zachary Gibbs, Yinglu Tang, heng wang, and G. Snyder “Characterization of Lorenz number with Seebeck coefficient measurement” APL Materials 3 041506 (2015)

 

D. Xu, R. Hanus, Y. Xiao, S. Wang, G. J. Snyder, and Q. Hao, "Thermal boundary resistance correlated with strain energy in individual Si film-wafer twist boundaries," Materials Today Physics, 6, 53-59, (2018)

 

Samuel A. Miller et al., “Capturing Anharmonicity in a Lattice Thermal Conductivity Model for High-Throughput Predictions” Chemistry of Materials 29, 2494-2501 (2017)

 

Thermoelectric Optimization

G. J. Snyder, A. H. Snyder, “Figure of merit ZT of a thermoelectric device defined from materials properties” Energy & Environmental Science 10, 2280 (2017)

 

G. Jeffrey Snyder, E. S. Toberer, Raghav Khanna, Wolfgang Seifert, “Improved Thermoelectric Cooling Based on the Thomson Effect” Physical Review B 86, 045202 (2012). Also Tri-Technology Device Refrigeration, (2016), vol. 9821

 

G. Jeffrey Snyder, Tristan Ursell. "Thermoelectric efficiency and compatibility" Physical Review Letters, Vol 91 p. 148301 (2003)

 

Snyder, G. J. "Thermoelectric Power Generation: Efficiency and Compatibility" Chapter 9, CRC Handbook on Thermoelectrics. (2005)

 

Snyder, G. J. "Application of the Compatibility Factor to the Design of Segmented and Cascaded Thermoelectric Generators" Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol 84, p. 2436 (2004)

 

G. J. Snyder, J.-P. Fleurial, R-G Yang, T. Caillat, and G. Chen. "Supercooling Of Peltier Cooler Using A Current Pulse". Journal of Applied Physics, Vol 92, p. 1564. (2002).

 

More Thermoelectric Compatibility

 

Wolfgang Seifert, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Eric S. Toberer, Volker Pluschke, Eckhard Müller, Christophe Goupil “Compatibility” Chapter 5, p. 227-280, in Continuum Theory and Modeling of Thermoelectric Elements, edited by C. Goupil, Wiley-VCH (2016) Draft Version .pdf

 

Wolfgang Seifert, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Eric S. Toberer, Christophe Goupil, Knud Zabrocki, and Eckhard Müller “The self-compatibility effect in graded thermoelectric cooler elements” Physica Status Solidi (a) 210, 1407 (2013)

 

W. Seifert, V. Pluschke, C. Goupil, K. Zabrocki, E. Müller, G. J. Snyder, "Maximum performance in self-compatible thermoelectric elements" J. Materials Research 26, 1933 (2011)

W. Seifert, K Zabrocki, E. Müller, G. J. Snyder, "Power-related compatibility and maximum electrical power output of a thermogenerator" Physica status solidi - A, 207, 2399 (2010)

W. Seifert, K Zabrocki, G. J. Snyder, E. Müller, "Compatibility approach and self-compatibility from the perspective of variational calculus" Physica status solidi - A, 207, 760 (2010)

W. Seifert, E. Müller, G. J. Snyder, S. Walczak "Compatibility factor for the power output of a thermogenerator" physica status solidi - Rapid Research Letters, 1, 250-2, (2007)

G. J. Snyder and T. Caillat, "Using The Compatibility Factor To Design High Efficiency Segmented Thermoelectric Generators" Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol 793, p 37 (2003) (PDF 892 kB)

T. S. Ursell and G. J. Snyder. "Compatibility of Segmented Thermoelectric Generators. "Twentyfirst International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'02 (IEEE, Long Beach, California, USA, 2002), p. 412 (PDF 214 kB)

 

Data Science

L. Ward et al., “Matminer: An open source toolkit for materials data mining” Computational Materials Science 152, 60-69 (2018)

 

F. Ricci et al., “Data Descriptor: An ab initio electronic transport database for inorganic materials” Scientific Data 4, (2017)

 

Wei Chen, Anubhav Jain et al., “Understanding thermoelectric properties from high-throughput calculations: trends, insights, and comparisons with experiment” J. Mater. Chem. C, 4, 4414 (2016)

 

Thermoelectric Bulk Materials

Bi₂Te₃ Sb₂Te₃ and Alloys

 

Ian Witting, T. C. Chasapis, Francesco Ricci, Geoffroy Hautier, G. J. Snyder et al “The Thermoelectric Properties of Bismuth Telluride” Advanced Electronic Materials 5, 1800904 (2019)

 

I. T. Witting, F. Ricci, T. C. Chasapis, G. Hautier, G. J. Snyder, "The Thermoelectric Properties of n-Type Bismuth Telluride: Bismuth Selenide Alloys Bi2Te3-xSex" Research , 4361703 (2020)

 

I. T. Witting, J. A. Grovogui, V. P. Dravid, G. J. Snyder, "Thermoelectric transport enhancement of Te-rich bismuth antimony telluride (Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3+x) through controlled porosity" Journal of Materiomics 6, 532-544 (2020)

 

Hyun-Sik Kim, Nicholas A. Heinz, Zachary M. Gibbs, Yinglu Tang, Stephen D. Kang and G. Jeffrey Snyder “High thermoelectric performance in (Bi0.25Sb0.75)2Te3 due to band convergence and improved by carrier concentration control” Materials Today 20, 452 (2017)

 

Y. Pan et al., “Synergistic modulation of mobility and thermal conductivity in (Bi,Sb)₂Te₃ towards high thermoelectric performance” Energy & Environmental Science 12, 624 (2019)

 

More Bi₂Te₃ Alloys

 

Y Zheng, XF Tang et al “Mechanically Robust BiSbTe Alloys with Superior Thermoelectric Performance: A Case Study of Stable Hierarchical Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials” Adv. Energy Materials 5, 1401391 (2015)

 

A. S. Guloy, F. Gascoin, A. Chamoire, J. C. Tedenac, G. J. Snyder "Synthesis and thermoelectric properties of YbSb2Te4" physica status solidi - Rapid Research Letters, (2007)

N.Gerovac,G.J.Snyder,and T.Caillat. "Thermoelectric Properties of n-type Polycrystalline BixSb2-xTe3 Alloys." Twentyfirst International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'02 (IEEE, Long Beach, California, USA, 2002), p. 31 (PDF 78.7 kB)

Caillat, T., C.K. Huang, J.-P. Fleurial, G.J. Snyder, and A. Borshchevsky. "Thermoelectric properteies of PbBi4Te7 type compounds". in 19th International Conference on Thermoelectrics. 2000. Cardiff, UK: IEEE Piscataway, NJ, p 151 (PDF 444 kB)

 

IV-VI alloys of PbTe, PbSe, PbS, SnTe, SnSe, GeTe

 

M. K. Brod and G. J. Snyder, "Orbital chemistry of valence band convergence and low-dimensional topology in PbTe," Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 9, 12119, (2021)

 

Riley Hanus, G. J. Snyder et al “Lattice Softening Significantly Reduces Thermal Conductivity and Leads to High Thermoelectric Efficiency” Advanced Materials 31 1900108 (2019)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Heng Wang and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Band Engineering of Thermoelectric Materials”Advanced Materials 24, 6125 (2012)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Xiaoya Shi, Aaron LaLonde Heng Wang, Lidong Chen and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Convergence of electronic bands for high performance bulk thermoelectrics" Nature 473, 66 (2011)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Aaron D. LaLonde, Heng Wang and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Low Effective Mass Leading to High Thermoelectric Performance” Energy and Environmental Science 5, 7963 (2012)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Andrew F. May, G. Jeffrey Snyder "Self-Tuning the Carrier Concentration of PbTe/Ag2Te Composites with Excess Ag for High Thermoelectric Performance" Advanced Energy Materials 1, 291 (2011)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Aaron LaLonde, Shiho Iwanaga and G. Jeffrey Snyder "High thermoelectric figure of merit in heavy hole dominated PbTe" Energy and Environmental Science 4, 2085 (2011)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Aaron D. LaLonde, Nicholas A. Heinz, Xiaoya Shi, Shiho Iwanaga, Heng Wang, Lidong Chen and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Stabilizing the Optimal Carrier Concentration for High Thermoelectric Efficiency” Advanced Materials 23, 5674 (2011)


Yanzhong Pei, Zachary M Gibbs, Benjamin Balke, Wolfgang Zeier, Heng Wang, Aaron D. LaLonde and G. Jeffrey Snyder, “Optimum Carrier Concentration in n-type PbTe Thermoelectrics” Advanced Energy Materials 4, 1400486 (2014)

 

L. You et al., "Realization of higher thermoelectric performance by dynamic doping of copper in n-type PbTe," Energy & Environmental Science, 12, 3089 (2019)

 

Y. Xiao et al., "Amphoteric Indium Enables Carrier Engineering to Enhance the Power Factor and Thermoelectric Performance in n-Type AgnPb100InnTe100+2n (LIST)," Advanced Energy Materials, 9, 1900414 (2019)

 

 

More PbTe doping, band egnineering and resonant states

J. P. Heremans, V. Jovovic, E. S. Toberer, A. Saramat, K. Kurosaki , A. Charoenphakdee, S. Yamanaka and G. J. Snyder "Enhancement of Thermoelectric Efficiency in PbTe by Distortion of the Electronic Density of States" Science 321, 554 (2008)

 

Yamini, Sima Aminorroaya; Mitchell, David R. G.; Wang, Heng; et al. “Origin of resistivity anomaly in p-type leads chalcogenide multiphase compounds” AIP Advances 5  053601 (2015)

 

Yamini, Sima Aminorroaya; et al. “Heterogeneous Distribution of Sodium for High Thermoelectric Performance of p-type Multiphase Lead-Chalcogenides” Adv. Energy Mat. 5  1501047 (2015)

 

Sima Aminorroaya Yamini, H. Wang, Z. M. Gibbs, Y-Z. Pei, D. Mitchell, Shi Xue Dou, G Jeffrey Snyder  “Thermoelectric performance of Tellurium-reduced quaternary p-type lead-chalcogenide composites” Acta Materialia 80, 365 (2014)

 

Sima Aminorroaya Yamini, Alex Zevalkink, D Attard, Shi Xue Dou, G Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric Properties and Microstructure Studies of Spinodally Decomposed PbTe0.38S0.62 Alloy " Science of Advanced Materials 6, 1453 (2014)

 

Sima Aminorroaya Yamini, H. Wang, Z. M. Gibbs, Y. Pei, Shi Xue Dou, G Jeffrey Snyder “Chemical composition tuning in quaternary p-type Pb-chalcogenides - A promising strategy for enhanced thermoelectric performance" Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 16, 1835 (2014)

 

Sima Aminorroaya Yamini, Heng Wang, D. Ginting, D.R.G. Mitchell, Shi Xue Dou, G Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric Performance of n-Type PbTe0.75PbS0.15PbSe0.1 Composites " ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6, 11476 (2014)

 

Sima Aminorroaya Yamini, Teruyuki Ikeda, Aaron Lalonde, Yanzhong Pei, Shi Xue Dou, G Jeffrey Snyder “Rational design of p-type thermoelectric PbTe: The temperature dependent sodium solubility” J. Mat. Chem A. 1, 8725 (2013)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Heng Wang, Aaron D. LaLonde and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermopower Enhancement in Pb1-xMnxTe alloys and its Effect on Thermoelectric Efficiency” NPG Asia Materials 4, e28 (2012)

 

Heng Wang, Anek Charoenphakdee, Ken Kurosaki, Shinsuke Yamanaka, and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Reduction of thermal conductivity in PbTe:Tl by alloying with TlSbTe2" Phys. Rev. B 83, 024303 (2011)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Aaron D. LaLonde, Nicholas A. Heinz and G. Jeffrey Snyder “High Thermoelectric Figure of Merit in PbTe by Alloying demonstrated in PbTe-CdTe” Advanced Energy Materials 6, 670 (2012)

 

Bo Yu, Q. Zhang, H. Wang, X. Wang, H. Wang, D. Wang, Heng Wang, G. J. Snyder, Gang Chen, Z. F. Ren, "Thermoelectric property studies on thallium-doped lead telluride prepared by ball milling and hot pressing" J. Appl. Phys. 108, 016104 (2010)

 

Aaron D. LaLonde, Yanzhong Pei and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Reevaluation of PbTe1-xIx as high performance n-type thermoelectric material" Energy and Environmental Science 4, 2090 (2011). Note revision of resistivity data here.

 

David Brown, Yanzhong Pei, Heng Wang and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Linear dependence of the Hall coefficient of 1% Na doped PbTe with varying magnetic field” Physics Status Solidi (a). 211, 1273 (2014)

 

 

More PbSe based Materials with Band Engineering

 

Heng Wang, Yanzhong Pei, Aaron LaLonde and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Weak Electron-Phonon Coupling Contributing to High Thermoelectric Performance in n-Type PbSe” PNAS 109, 9705 (2012)

 

Heng Wang, Yanzhong Pei, Aaron D. LaLonde,and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Heavily doped p-type PbSe with high thermoelectric performance: an alternative of PbTe" Advanced Materials 23, 1366 (2011)

 

Heng Wang, Zachary M. Gibbs, Yoshiki Takagiwa, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Tuning bands of PbSe for better thermoelectric efficiency” Energy and Environmental Science 7, 804 (2014)

 

T. J. Slade et al., "High Thermoelectric Performance in PbSe-NaSbSe2 Alloys from Valence Band Convergence and Low Thermal Conductivity," Advanced Energy Materials, 9, 1901377 (2019)

 

Heng Wang, Jianli Wang, Xianlong Cao, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric alloys between PbSe and PbS with effective thermal conductivity reduction and high figure of merit” J. Mat Chem A 2, 3169 (2014)

 

L. You et al., Boosting the thermoelectric performance of PbSe through dynamic doping and hierarchical phonon scattering. Energy & Environmental Science 11, 1848-1858 (2018)

 

J L Wang, H Wang, G J Snyder, X Zhang, Z H Ni and Y F Chen “Characteristics of lattice thermal conductivity and carrier mobility of undoped PbSe-PbS solid solutions” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46 405301 (2013)

 

James Male, Matthias T. Agne, Anuj Goyal, Shashwat Anand, Ian T. Witting, Vladan Stevanović and G. Jeffrey Snyder, "The importance of phase equilibrium for doping efficiency: iodine doped PbTe" Materials Horizons, 6, 1444 (2019)

 

Heng Wang, Xianlong Cao, Yoshiki Takagiwa, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Higher mobility in bulk semiconductors by separating the dopants from the charge- conducting band – a case study of thermoelectric PbSe” Materials Horizons 2, 323 (2015)

 

Point defect calculations for doping of PbTe and other IV-VI materials

 

Saurabh Bajaj, Heng Wang, Jeff W. Doak, Chris Wolverton, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Calculation of dopant solubilities and phase diagrams of X-Pb-Se (X = Br, Na) limited to defects with localized charge” J. Materials Chemistry C 4, 1769 (2016)

 

Y. Takagiwa, Y. Pei, G. Pomrehn, G. J. Snyder “Dopants effect on the band structure of PbTe thermoelectric material” Applied Physics Letters101, 092102 (2012)

 

Y. Takagiwa, Y. Pei, G. Pomrehn, G. J. Snyder “Validity of rigid band approximation of PbTe thermoelectric materials” APL Materials  1, 011101 (2013) AIP press release

 

Saurabh Bajaj, Gregory S. Pomrehn, Jeff W. Doak, Wojciech Gierlotka, Hsin-jay Wu, Sinn-Wen Chen, Chris Wolverton, William A. Goddard III, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Ab initio study of intrinsic point defects in PbTe: an insight into phase stability” Acta Materialia 92, 72 (2015)

 

 

Zhiwei Chen, Wen Li, Siqi Lin, Jiawen Shen, Yunjie Chang, Binghui Ge  Riley Hanus, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Yanzhong Pei “Vacancy-induced dislocations within grains for high-performance PbSe thermoelectrics” Nature Comm. 8, 13828 (2017)

 

Zhiwei Chen, Zhengzhong Jian, Wen Li, Yunjie Chang, Binghui Ge  Riley Hanus, Jiong Yang, Yue Chen, Mingxin Huang, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Yanzhong Pei “Lattice Dislocations Enhancing Thermoelectric PbTe in Addition to Band Convergence” Adv. Mater. 29, 1606768 (2017)

 

Zachary M. Gibbs, Aaron LaLonde and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Optical band gap and the Burstein-Moss effect in iodine doped PbTe using diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy” New Journal of Physics 15 075020 (2013)

 

Zachary M. Gibbs, Hyoungchul Kim, Heng Wang, Robert L. White, Massoud Kaviany and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Temperature Dependent Band Gap in PbX (X=S, Se, Te)” Applied Physics Letters 103, 262109 (2013)


Heng Wang, Yanzhong Pei, Aaron D. LaLonde and G. Jeffrey Snyder “The Criteria for Beneficial Disorder in Thermoelectric Solid Solutions” Advanced Functional Materials23, 1586 (2013)

 

GuoDong Li et al., “Micro- and Macromechanical Properties of Thermoelectric Lead Chalcogenides” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, 40488 (2017)

 

GeTe based Materials

 

Yi Chen, C. M. Jaworski, Y. B. Gao, H. Wang, T. J. Zhu, G.J. Snyder, J. P. Heremans, X. B. Zhao “Transport properties and valence band feature of high performance (GeTe)85(AgSbTe2)15 thermoelectric materials” New Journal of Physics 16, 013057 (2014)

 

M. C. Chang, M. T. Agne, R. A. Michi, D. C. Dunand, G. J. Snyder, “Compressive creep behavior of hot-pressed GeTe based TAGS-85 and effect of creep on thermoelectric properties” Acta Materialia 158, 239 (2018)

 

J. Li et al., “Low-Symmetry Rhombohedral GeTe Thermoelectrics” Joule 2, 976 (2018)

 

T Schröder, T Rosenthal, N Giesbrecht, S Maier, E-W Scheidt, W. Scherer, G. J Snyder, W Schnick, Oliver Oeckler, “TAGS-related indium compounds and their thermoelectric properties – the solid solution series (GeTe)xAgInySb1-yTe2 (x = 1 – 12; y = 0.5, 1)” J. Mat. Chem A 2, 6384 (2014)

 

T. Schröder, T. Rosenthal, N. Giesbrecht, M. Nentwig, S. Maier, Heng Wang, G. J. Snyder, Oliver Oeckler, “Nanostructures in TAGS thermoelectric materials induced by phase transitions associated with vacancy ordering" Inorganic Chemistry 53, 7722 (2014)

 

S. Welzmiller, G. J. Snyder, Oliver Oeckler, et al. “Increasing Seebeck Coefficients and Thermoelectric Performance of Sn/Sb/Te and Ge/Sb/Te Materials by Cd Doping” Adv. Electronic Mat. 1, 1500266 (2015)

 

F. Fahrnbauer, S. Maier, M Grundei, N. Giesbrecht, M. Nentwig, T. Rosenthal,G Wagner,  G. J. Snyder, Oliver Oeckler, “Heterostructures of skutterudites and germanium antimony tellurides -  structure analysis and thermoelectric properties of bulk samples” J. Mater. Chem. C, 3, 10525 (2015)

 

 

SnTe based Materials

 

M. Zhou, G. J. Snyder, L. F. Li, L. D. Zhao, Lead-free tin chalcogenide thermoelectric materials. Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers 3, 1449-1463 (2016)

 

Min Zhou, Zachary M. Gibbs, Heng Wang, Yemao Han, Caini Xin, Laifeng Li and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Optimization of thermoelectric efficiency in SnTe: the case for the light band” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16, 20741 (2014)

 

GangJian Tan et al., “High Thermoelectric Performance in SnTe-AgSbTe2 Alloys from Lattice Softening, Giant Phonon-Vacancy Scattering, and Valence Band Convergence” ACS Energy Letters 3, 705 (2018)

 

Min Zhou, Zachary M. Gibbs, Heng Wang, Yemao Han, Laifeng Li and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric performance of co-doped SnTe with resonant levels” APL 109, 042102 (2016)

 

GangjianTan, WG Zeier,  FY Shi, PL Wang, GJ Snyder, VP Dravid, MG Kanatzidis “High Thermoelectric Performance SnTe-In2Te3 Solid Solutions Enabled by Resonant Levels and Strong Vacancy Phonon Scattering” Chem. Mater., 27, 7801 (2015)

 

 

SnSe based Materials

 

Cheng-Lung Chen, Heng Wang, Yang-Yuan Chen, Tristan Day and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties of p-type polycrystalline SnSe doped with Ag” J. Mat. Chem A 2, 11171 (2014)

 

Li-Dong Zhao, Gangjian Tan, Shiqiang Hao, Jiaqing He, Yanling Pei, Hang Chi, Heng Wang, Shengkai Gong, Huibin Xu, Vinayak P. Dravid, Ctirad Uher, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Chris Wolverton, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis "Ultrahigh power factor and thermoelectric performance in hole doped single crystal SnSe" Science, 351, 141 (2016)

 

Tian-Ran Wei, Gangjian Tan, Xiaomi Zhang, Chao-Feng Wu, Jing-Feng Li, Vinayak P. Dravid, G. Jeffrey Snyder,  Mercouri G. Kanatzidis “Distinct Impact of Alkali-Ion Doping on Electrical Transport Properties of Thermoelectric p-Type Polycrystalline SnSe”  JACS 138, 8875 (2016)

 

Tian-Ran Wei et al., “Thermoelectric transport properties of polycrystalline SnSe alloyed with PbSe” Applied Physics Letters 110, 5 (2017)

 

M. Hong et al., Enhancing the thermoelectric performance of SnSe1-xTex nanoplates through band engineering. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 5, 10713 (2017)

 

PbS based Materials

 

Heng Wang, Eugen Schechtel, Yanzhong Pei, and G Jeffrey Snyder “High thermoelectric efficiency of n-type PbS” Advanced Energy Materials 3, 488 (2013)

 

Y. Xiao et al., "Band Sharpening and Band Alignment Enable High Quality Factor to Enhance Thermoelectric Performance in n-Type PbS," Journal of the American Chemical Society, 142, 4051-4060, (2020)

 

Heng Wang, Jianli Wang, Xianlong Cao, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric alloys between PbSe and PbS with effective thermal conductivity reduction and high figure of merit” J. Mat Chem A 2, 3169 (2014)

 

 

Other IV-VI Materials GeSe, PbO

 

Z. W. Huang et al., “High Thermoelectric Performance of New Rhombohedral Phase of GeSe stabilized through Alloying with AgSbSe2” Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 56, 14113 (2017)

 

Samuel. A. Miller et al., “SnO as a potential oxide thermoelectric candidate” Journal of Materials Chemistry C 5, 8854-8861 (2017)

 

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Superionic Cu/Ag Chalcogenides Cu2Se, Cu2S, Ag2Se

 

P. F Qiu et al “Suppression of atom motion and metal deposition in mixed ionic/electronic conductors" Nature Communications 9, 2910 (2018)

 

David R. Brown, Tristan Day, Thierry Caillat, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Chemical Stability of (Ag,Cu)2Se: a Historical Overview” J. Electronic. Mater. 42, 2014 (2013)

 

S. D. Kang et al., “Enhanced stability and thermoelectric figure-of-merit in copper selenide by lithium doping” Materials Today Physics 1, 7 (2017)

 

Ying He, Tristan Day, Tiansong Zhang, Huili Liu, Xun Shi, Wenqing Zhang, Lidong Chen, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “High thermoelectric performance in non-toxic earth-abundant copper sulfide” Advanced Materials 26, 3974 (2014)

 

Huili Liu, Xun Shi, Fangfang Xu, Linlin Zhang, Wenqing Zhang, Lidong Chen, Qiang Li, Ctirad Uher, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Liquid-like Copper Ion Thermoelectric Materials” Nature Materials, 11, 422 (2012)

 

Tristan Day, Fivos Drymiotis, Tiansong Zhang, Daniel Rhodes, Xun Shi, Lidong Chen, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Potential of High Thermoelectric Efficiency of Silver Selenide” J. Mat. Chem C. 1, 7568 (2013)

 

More Cu2Se, Ag2Se, Ag2Te and Alloys

 

P. F. Qiu et al., "High-Efficiency and Stable Thermoelectric Module Based on Liquid-Like Materials," Joule, 3,  1538 (2019)

 

K. P. Zhao et al., “Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance through Tuning Bonding Energy in Cu2Se1-xSx Liquid-like Materials” Chemistry of Materials 29, 6367-6377 (2017)

 

Y. X. Sun et al., “The "electron crystal" behavior in copper chalcogenides Cu2X (X = Se, S)” Journal of Materials Chemistry A 5, 5098-5105 (2017)

 

Ying He, Ping Lu, XunShi, Fangfang Xu,Tiansong Zhang, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Lidong Chen “Ultrahigh Thermoelectric Performance in Mosaic Crystals” Advanced Materials 27, 3693 (2015)

 

Lanling Zhao, Xiaolin Wang, Frank Y. Fei, Jiyang Wang, Zhenxiang Cheng, Shixue Dou, Jun Wang and G. Jeffrey Snyder “High thermoelectric and mechanical performance in highly dense Cu2-xS bulks prepared by a melt-solidification technique” J. Mat. Chem. A, 3, 9432 (2015)

 

Lanling Zhao, Xiaolin Wang, Frank Y. Fei, Jiyang Wang, Zhenxiang Cheng, Shixue Dou, Jun Wang and G. Jeffrey Snyder “The Effects of Te2- and I- Substitutions on the Electronic Structures, Thermoelectric Performance, and Hardness in Melt-Quenched Highly Dense Cu2-xSe” Advanced Electronic Materials 1, 1400015 (2015)

 

Lanling Zhao, Xiaolin Wang, Frank Y. Fei, Jiyang Wang, Zhenxiang Cheng, Shixue Dou, Jun Wang and G. Jeffrey Snyder “High thermoelectric and mechanical performance in highly dense Cu2-xS bulks prepared by a melt-solidification technique” J. Mat. Chem. A, 3, 9432 (2015)

 

T W. Day, K S. Weldert, W G. Zeier, Bor-Rong Chen, S L. Moffitt, U Weis, K P. Jochum, M Panthöfer, M J. Bedzyk, G. J Snyder and W Tremel “Influence of Compensating Defect Formation on the Doping Efficiency and Thermoelectric Properties of Cu2-ySe1–xBrx” Chem. Mater., 27, 7018 (2015)

 

Tristan Day, Kasper Borup, Tiansong Zhang, Xun Shi, Lidong Chen, Bo Iversen, G. Jeffrey Snyder “High Temperature Thermoelectric Properties of Cu1.97Ag0.03Se1+yMater Renew Sustain Energy 3:26 (2014)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Nicholas A. Heinz and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Alloying to Increase the Band Gap for Improving Thermoelectric Properties of Ag2Te” Journal of Materials Chemistry 21, 18256 (2011)

 

Fivos Drymiotis, Tristan Day, David Brown, Nicholas Heinz, G. Jeffrey Snyder "Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance in the Very Low Thermal Conductivity Ag2Se0.5Te0.5" Applied Physics Letters 103, 143906 (2013)

 

Haoran Yang, Je-Hyeong Bahk, Tristan Day, Amr M. S. Mohammed, Bokki Min, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Ali Shakouri and Yue Wu “Composition Modulation of Ag2Te Nanowires for Tunable Electrical and Thermal Properties” Nanoletters 14, 5398 (2014)

 

G. D. Li et al., Ductile deformation mechanism in semiconductor alpha-Ag2S. npj Computational Materials 4, 44 (2018)

 

Diamond-like Cu-Chalcogenides

 

S. A. Miller et al., “Empirical modeling of dopability in diamond-like semiconductors” npj Computational Materials 4,  (2018)

 

L. L. Xi et al., "Discovery of High-Performance Thermoelectric Chalcogenides through Reliable High-Throughput Material Screenin". Journal of the American Chemical Society 140, 10785 (2018)

 

T. Plirdpring, K. Kurosaki, A. Kosuga, T. Day, V. Ravi, G. J. Snyder,  A. Harnwunggmoung, T. Sugahara, Y. Ohishi. H. Muta, S. Yamanaka, “Chalcopyrite CuGaTe2: A high-efficiency bulk thermoelectric material” Advanced Materials 24 3622 (2012)

 

Tian-Ran Wei, Heng Wang, Zachary M Gibbs, Chao-Feng Wu, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Jing-Feng Li “Thermoelectric properties of Sn-doped p-type Cu3SbSe4: a compound with large effective mass and small band gap”  J Materials Chemistry A 2, 13527 (2014)

 

Wolfgang G. Zeier, Hong Zhu, Zachary M. Gibbs, Gerbrand Ceder, Wolfgang Tremel, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Band convergence in the non-cubic chalcopyrite compounds Cu2MGeSe4” J. Materials Chemistry C,  2, 10189 (2014)

 

More Diamond Like Cu-Chalogenide semiconductors

 

Wolfgang G. Zeier, Yanzhong Pei, Greg Pomrehn, Tristan Day, Nicholas Heinz, Christophe P. Heinrich, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Wolfgang Tremel “Phonon Scattering through a Local Anisotropic Structural Disorder in the Thermoelectric Solid Solution Cu2Zn1-xFexGeSe4” JACS 135, 726 (2013)

 

Wolfgang G. Zeier, Tristan Day, E. Schechtel, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Wolfgang Tremel “Influence Of The Chemical Potential On The Carrier Effective Mass In The Thermoelectric Solid Solution Cu2Zn1-xFexGeSe4” Functional Materials Letters 6, 1340010 (2013)

 

J. J. Kuo et al., “Origins of ultralow thermal conductivity in 1-2-1-4 quaternary selenides” Journal of Materials Chemistry A 7, 2589-2596 (2019)

 

Wolfgang G. Zeier, Aaron LaLonde, Zachary Gibbs, Christophe Heinrich, Martin Panthoefer, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Wolfgang Tremel “Influence of a nano phase segregation on the thermoelectric properties of the p-type doped stannite compound Cu2+xZn1-xGeSe4” JACS 134, 7147 (2012)

 

Maria Ibáñez; Taisiia Berestok; Oleksandr Dobrozhan; Aaron LaLonde; Victor Izquierdo-Roca; Alexey Shavel; Alejandro Perez-Rodriguez; G. Jeffrey Snyder; Andreu Cabot” Phosphonic acids aid composition adjustment in Cu₂ZnSnSe₄ nanoparticles” Journal of Nanoparticle Research 18, (2016)

 

G. D. Li et al., "Determining ideal strength and failure mechanism of thermoelectric CuInTe2 through quantum mechanics" Journal of Materials Chemistry A 6, 11743-11750 (2018)

 

B. R. Ortiz et al., “Ultralow Thermal Conductivity in Diamond-Like Semiconductors: Selective Scattering of Phonons from Antisite Defects” Chemistry of Materials 30, 3395 (2018)

 

Christophe Heinrich, Tristan Day, Wolfgang G. Zeier, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Wolfgang Tremel "Effect of Isovalent Substitution on the Thermoelectric Properties of the Cu2ZnGeSe4-xSx Series of Solid Solutions" JACS 136, 442 (2014)

 

Wolfgang G. Zeier,Christophe P. Heinrich, Tristan Day, Chatr Panithipongwut, Gregor Kieslich,  Gunther Brunklaus, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Wolfgang Tremel “Bond strength dependent superionic phase transformation in the solid solution Cu2ZnGeSe4-xSx” J. Mat Chem A (2014)

 

Yulong Li, Tiansong Zhang, Yuting Qin, Tristan Day, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Xun Shi, Lidong Chen “Thermoelectric transport properties of diamond-like Cu1-xFe1+xS2 tetrahedral compounds” J. Applied Physics 116, 203705 (2014)

 

 

Argyrodite, Bouronite, AMX2 and other Chalcogenides

 

F. Reissig et al., "Effect of anion substitution on the structural and transport properties of argyrodites Cu7PSe6-xSx," Dalton Transactions, 48, 15822, (2019)

 

Z. Z. Luo et al., "Ultralow Thermal Conductivity and High-Temperature Thermoelectric Performance in n-Type K2.5Bi8.5Se14," Chemistry of Materials, 31, 5943 (2019)

 

S. Schwarzmuller et al., “Argyrodite-Type Cu8GeSe6-xTex (0 <= x <= 2): Temperature-Dependent Crystal Structure and Thermoelectric Properties” Zeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie 644, 1915 (2018)

 

J. H. Pohls et al., “First-principles calculations and experimental studies of XYZ(2) thermoelectric compounds: detailed analysis of van der Waals interactions” Journal of Materials Chemistry A 6, 19502-19519 (2018)

 

B. Xu et al., “Manipulating Band Structure through Reconstruction of Binary Metal Sulfide for High-Performance Thermoelectrics in Solution-Synthesized Nanostructured Bi13S18I2” Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 57, 2413 (2018)

 

J. F. Khoury et al., “Quaternary Pavonites A(1+x)Sn(2-x)Bi(5+x)S(10) (A(+) = Li+, Na+): Site Occupancy Disorder Defines Electronic Structure” Inorganic Chemistry 57, 2260 (2018)

 

S. Maier et al., “Resonant Bonding, Multiband Thermoelectric Transport, and Native Defects in n-Type BaBiTe3-xSex (x=0, 0.05, and 0.1)” Chemistry of Materials 30, 174 (2018)

 

S. A. Miller et al., “Polycrystalline ZrTe5 Parametrized as a Narrow-Band-Gap Semiconductor for Thermoelectric Performance” Physical Review Applied 9, 014025 (2018)

 

B. K. Heep et al., High Electron Mobility and Disorder Induced by Silver Ion Migration Lead to Good Thermoelectric Performance in the Argyrodite Ag8SiSe6. Chemistry of Materials 29, 4833-4839 (2017)

 

A. Faghaninia et al., A computational assessment of the electronic, thermoelectric, and defect properties of bournonite (CuPbSbS3) and related substitutions. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 19, 6743-6756 (2017)

 

Umut Aydemir et al, “YCuTe2: A Member of A New Class of Thermoelectric Materials with CuTe4-Based Layered Structure” J. Materials Chemistry A 4, 2461 (2016)

 

Hong Zhu, G Hautier, U Aydemir, A M. Gibbs, Guodong Li, Saurabh Bajaj, J-H Pöhls, D Broberg, Wei Chen, Anubhav Jain, Mary Anne White, M Asta, G. J. Snyder, K Persson and G Ceder “Computational and experimental investigation of TmAgTe2 and XYZ2 compounds, a new group of thermoelectric materials identified by first-principles high-throughput screening” J. Mater. Chem. C, 3, 10554 (2015)

 

Kai Weldert, Wolfgang Zeier, Tristan Day, M. Panthoefer,G. J. Snyder, W. Tremel, “Thermoelectric transport in Cu7PSe6 with High Copper Ionic Mobility” JACS 136, 12035 (2014)

 

Superionic Phase Transition

 

M. T. Agne, P.W. Voorhees, G.J. Snyder “Phase Transformation Contributions to Heat Capacity and Impact on Thermal Diffusivity, Thermal Conductivity, and Thermoelectric Performance” Advanced Materials 31 1902980 (2019)

 

More SuperIonic Phase Transition

 

D. Vasilevskiy et al., “Assessing the Thermal Conductivity of Cu2-xSe Alloys Undergoing a Phase Transition via the Simultaneous Measurement of Thermoelectric Parameters by a Harman-Based Setup” Journal of Electronic Materials 47, 3314 (2018)

 

Stephen Dongmin Kang, Sergey A. Danilkin,  U Aydemir,  M Avdeev,  A Studer,  GJ Snyder, “Apparent critical phenomena in the superionic phase transition of Cu2-xSe” New Journal of Physics 18, 013024 (2016)

 

David Brown, Richard Heijl, Kasper A. Borup, Bo Brummerstedt Iversen, Anders Palmqvist, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Relating Phase Transition Heat Capacity to Thermal Conductivity and Effusivity in Cu2Se" Physica Status Solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters 10, 618 (2016)

 

David R. Brown, Tristan Day, Kasper A. Borup, Bo B. Iversen, and G. Jeffrey Snyder  “Phase Transition Enhanced Thermoelectric Figure-Of-Merit in Cu2Se” APL Materials, 1, 052107 (2013)

 

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Thermoelectric Zintl Materials

Mg3Sb2 and A-M2-Sb2 Zintl Compounds

 

K. Imasato et al., "Metallic n-Type Mg3Sb2 Single Crystals Demonstrate the Absence of Ionized Impurity Scattering and Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance," Advanced Materials, 1908218 (2020)

 

M. Wood, K. Imasato, S. Anand, J. Yang, and G. J. Snyder, "The importance of the Mg-Mg interaction in Mg3Sb2-Mg3Bi2 shown through cation site alloying," Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 8, 2033 (2020)

 

Max Wood, Jimmy J. Kuo, Kazuki Imasato, G.J. Snyder “Improvement of Low‐Temperature zT in a Mg3Sb2–Mg3Bi2 Solid Solution via Mg‐Vapor Annealing” Advanced Materials 31 1902337 (2019)

 

K. Imasato, S. D. Kang, G. J. Snyder, “Exceptional thermoelectric performance in Mg3Sb0.6Bi1.4 for low-grade waste heat recovery” Energy & Environmental Science 12, 965 (2019)

 

J. J. Kuo, Y. Yu, S. D. Kang, O. Cojocaru-Miredin, M. Wuttig, and G. J. Snyder, "Mg Deficiency in Grain Boundaries of n-Type Mg3Sb2 Identified by Atom Probe Tomography," Advanced Materials Interfaces, 6, 1900429 (2019)

 

X. Sun et al., "Achieving band convergence by tuning the bonding ionicity in n-type Mg3Sb2," Journal of Computational Chemistry, 40, 1693, (2019)

 

S. Ohno et al., “Phase Boundary Mapping to Obtain n-type Mg3Sb2-Based Thermoelectrics” Joule 2, 141 (2018)

 

Jimmy J. Kuo et al., “Grain boundary dominated charge transport in Mg3Sb2-based compounds” Energy & Environmental Science 11, 429 (2018)

 

M. Wood, U. Aydemir, S. Ohno, G. J. Snyder, “Observation of valence band crossing: the thermoelectric properties of CaZn2Sb2-CaMg2Sb2 solid solution” Journal of Materials Chemistry A 6, 9437 (2018)

 

K. Imasato, S. D. Kang, S. Ohno, G. J. Snyder, “Band engineering in Mg₃Sb₂ by alloying with Mg₃Bi₂ for enhanced thermoelectric performance” Materials Horizons 5, 59 (2018)

 

M. T. Agne, G.J. Snyder, et al “Heat Capacity of Mg3Sb2, Mg3Bi2, and their alloys at high temperature” Materials Today Physics 6, 83 (2018)

 

K. Imasato, S. Ohno, S. D. Kang, G. J. Snyder, “Improving the thermoelectric performance in Mg3+xSb1.5Bi0.49Te0.01 by reducing excess Mg” APL Materials 6, 016106 (2018)

 

K. Imasato, M. Wood, J. J. Kuo, G. J. Snyder, “Improved stability and high thermoelectric performance through cation site doping in n-type La-doped Mg3Sb1.5Bi0.5” Journal of Materials Chemistry A 6, 19941 (2018)

 

T. Kanno et al., “Enhancement of average thermoelectric figure of merit by increasing the grain-size of Mg3.2Sb1.5Bi0.49Te0.01” Applied Physics Letters 112, 033903 (2018)

 

Gregory S. Pomrehn, Alex Zevalkink, Wolfgang G. Zeier, Axel van de Walle and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Defect controlled electronic properties in AZn₂Sb₂ Zintl phases (A=Ca, Sr, Eu, Yb)”, Angewandte Chemistry, 126, 3490 (2014)

 

Alex Zevalkink, Wolfgang G. Zeier, Ethan Cheng, G. Jeffrey Snyder , Jean-Pierre Fleurial, and Sabah Bux “Nonstoichiometry in the Zintl Phase Yb1−δZn2Sb2 as a Route to Thermoelectric Optimization” Chem. Mater., 26, 5710 (2014)

 

Eric S. Toberer, A. F. May, Brent C. Melot, Espen Flage-Larsen, G. J. Snyder "Electronic structure and transport in thermoelectric compounds AZn₂Sb₂ (A = Sr, Ca, Yb, Eu)" Dalton Trans. 39, p1046 (2010).

Franck Gascoin, Sandra Ottensmann, Daniel Stark, Sossina M. Haile, G. Jeffrey Snyder "Zintl Phases as Thermoelectric Materials: Tuned Transport Properties of the Compounds CaxYb1-xZn2Sb2" Advanced Functional Materials,Vol 15, p1860 (2005)

 

Cathie L. Condron, Susan M. Kauzlarich, Franck Gascoin, and G. Jeffrey Snyder " Thermoelectric properties and microstructure of Mg₃Sb₂" J. Solid State Chem. 179, 2252 (2006).

Dan Stark, G. J. Snyder. "The Synthesis of CaZn₂Sb₂ and its Thermoelectric Properties." Twentyfirst International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'02 (IEEE, Long Beach, California, USA, 2002), p. 181 (PDF 506 kB)

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Ca-Al-Sb-type Zintl Chain Compounds

 

Alex Zevalkink, Sevan Chanakian, Umut Aydemir, A. Ormeci, Gregory Pomrehn, Sabah Bux, Jean-Pierre Fleurial, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties and electronic structure of the Zintl phase Sr₅In₂Sb₆ and the Ca5-xSrxIn2Sb6 solid solution” J. Phys. Cond. Mat 27 015801 (2015)

 

Sevan Chanakian, Alex Zevalkink, Umut Aydemir, Zachary M. Gibbs, Gregory Pomrehn, Sabah Bux, Jean-Pierre Fleurial, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Enhanced Thermoelectric Properties of Sr₅In₂Sb₆ via Zn-doping” J. Materials Chemistry A 3, 10289 (2015)

 

Umut Aydemir, Alex Zevalkink, Alim Ormeci, Heng Wang, Saneyuki Ohno, Sabah Bux, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties of the Zintl phases Yb₅M₂Sb₆ (M = Al, Ga, In)” Dalton Transactions 44, 6767 (2015)

 

Sevan Chanakian, Umut Aydemir, Alex Zevalkink, Zachary M. Gibbs, Jean-Pierre Fleurial, Sabah Bux, G. Jeffrey Snyder “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Zn-doped Eu₅In₂Sb₆” J. Materials Chemistry C 3, 10518 (2015)

 

Alex Zevalkink, Yoshiki Takagiwa, Koichi Kitahara, Kaoru Kimura, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties and electronic structure of the Zintl phase Sr₅Al₂Sb₆” Dalton Transactions 43, 4720 (2014)

 

Alex Zevalkink, Jessica Swallow, Saneyuki Ohno, Umut Aydemir, Sabah Bux, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties of the Ca5Al2−xInxSb6 solid solution” Dalton Transactions 43, 15872 (2014)

 

Alex Zevalkink, Greg Pomrehn, Yoshiki Takagiwa, Jessica Swallow and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties in Zn-doped Sr₃AlSb₃” ChemSusChem, 6, 2316 (2013)

 

Alex Zevalkink, Jessica Swallow and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties in Zn-doped Ca₅In₂Sb₆” Dalton Transactions 42, 9713 (2013)

 

Samantha Johnson, Alex Zevalkink, G. Jeffrey Snyder ”Improved thermoelectric properties in Zn-doped Ca₅Ga₂Sb₆” J. Mat. Chem. A. 1, 4244 (2013)

 

Alexandra Zevalkink, Wolfgang Zeier, Gregory Pomrehn, Eugen Schechtel, Wolfgang Tremel, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties of Sr₃GaSb₃ - a chain-forming Zintl compound” Energy and Environmental Science  5, 9121 (2012)

 

Alex Zevalkink, Gregory S. Pomrehn, Samantha Johnson, Jessica Swallow, Zachary M. Gibbs, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Influence of the triel elements (M = Al, Ga, In) on the transport properties of Ca₅M₂Sb₆ Zintl compounds” Chem. Mater 24, 2091 (2012)

 

Wolfgang G. Zeier, Alex Zevalkink, Eugen Schechtel, Wolfgang Tremel, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties of Zn-doped Ca₃AlSb₃ “ J. Mat. Chem. 22, 9826 (2012)

 

Alexandra Zevalkink, Eric S. Toberer, Wolfgang Zeier, Espen Flage-Larsen and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Ca₃AlSb₃: an inexpensive, non-toxic thermoelectric material for waste heat recovery" Energy and Environmental Science 4, 510 (2011)

Alexandra Zevalkink, Eric S. Toberer, Tim Bleith, Espen Flage-Larsen and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Improved carrier concentration control in Zn-doped Ca₅Al₂Sb₆” J. Applied Physics 110, 013721 (2011)

 

Alexandra Zevalkink, Jessica Swallow and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Thermoelectric properties of Mn-doped Ca5Al2Sb6” J. Electronic Materials 5, 813 (2012)

 

Eric S. Toberer, Alexandra Zevalkink, and G. Jeffrey Snyder "The Zintl compound Ca₅Al₂Sb₆ for low cost thermoelectric power generation" Advanced Functional Materials 20, 4357 (2010)

 

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Yb₁₄MnSb₁₁ structure-type Compounds

 

C. J. Perez, Max Wood, et al., "Discovery of multivalley Fermi surface responsible for the high thermoelectric performance in Yb₁₄MnSb₁₁ and Yb₁₄MgSb₁₁," Science Advances, 7, eabe9439 (2021)

 

C. A. Cox, E. S. Toberer, A. A. Levchenko, S. R. Brown, G. J. Snyder, A. Navrotsky, S. M. Kauzlarich, "Structure, Heat Capacity, and High-Temperature Thermal Properties of Yb14Mn1-xAlxSb11" Chemistry of Materials, 21, 1354 (2009)

E. S. Toberer, C. A. Cox, S. R. Brown, T. Ikeda, A. F. May, S. M. Kauzlarich, G. J. Snyder "Traversing the metal-insulator transition in a Zintl phase: Rational enhancement of thermoelectric efficiency in Yb14Mn1-xAlxSb11" Advanced Functional Materials, 18, 2795 (2008)

E. S. Toberer, S. R. Brown, T. Ikeda, S. M. Kauzlarich, G. J. Snyder "High thermoelectric efficiency in lanthanum doped Yb₁₄MnSb₁₁" Applied Physics Letters, 93, 062110 (2008).

S. R. Brown, E. S. Toberer, T. Ikeda, C. A. Cox, F. Gascoin, S. M. Kauzlarich, G. J. Snyder "Improved Thermoelectric Performance in Yb14Mn1-xZnxSb11 by the Reduction of Spin-Disorder Scattering" Chemistry of Materials, 20, 3412 (2008)

Shawna R. Brown, Susan M. Kauzlarich, Franck Gascoin, and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Yb14MnSb11: New High Efficiency Thermoelectric Material for Power Generation" Chem. Mater. 18, 1873 (2006)

Cui Yu, Yi Chen, Hanhui Xie, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Chenguang Fu, Jinshu Xu, Xinbing Zhao, and Tiejun Zhu “Improved Thermoelectric Properties in Lu-doped Yb14MnSb11 Zintl Compounds” Applied Physics Express 5, 031801 (2012)

 

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Ba-Ga-Ge Clathrates and other Clathrates

 

A. F. May, Eric S. Toberer, Ali Saramat, G. J. Snyder "Characterization and analysis of thermoelectric transport in n-type Ba8Ga16Ge30" Physical Review B 80, 125205 (2009)

Hua He, Alex Zevalkink, Zachary M. Gibbs, G. Jeffrey Snyder and Svilen Bobev “Synthesis, Structural Characterization, and Physical Properties of the Type-I Clathrates A8Zn18As28 (A = K, Rb, Cs) and Cs8Cd18As28” Chemistry of Materials 24, 3596 (2012)

 

Ali Saramat, Eric S. Toberer, Andrew F. May and G. Jeffery Snyder "Thermal Stability and Phase Purity in Polycrystalline Ba8GaxGe46-x" J. Electronic Mater. 38, p. 1423 (2009).

D. Cederkrantz, Ali Saramat, G. Jeffery Snyder and A. E. C. Palmqvist "Thermal stability and thermoelectric properties of p-type Ba₈Ga₁₆Ge₃₀ clathrates" J. Apl. Phys. 106, 074509 (2009)

E. S. Toberer, M. Christensen, B. B. Iversen, G. J. Snyder "High temperature thermoelectric efficiency in Ba8Ga16Ge30" Physical Review B 77, 075203 (2008).

M. Christensen, G.J. Snyder, B.B. Iversen "High temperature thermoelectric properties of Czochralski-pulled Ba8Ga16Ge30" in Twenty-fifth International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'06 (IEEE, Vienna, Austria) p. 40-43 (PDF 566KB)

 

Silicon Clathrates

Naohito Tsujii, John H. Roudebush, Alex Zevalkink, Catherine A. Cox-Uvarov, G. Jeffery Snyder, Susan M.Kauzlarich "Phase stability and chemical composition dependence of the thermoelectric properties of the type-I clathrate Ba8AlxSi46-x (8 < x < 15)" Journal of Solid State Chemistry 184 1293–1303 (2011)

John H. Roudebush, E. S. Toberer, H. Hope, G. Jeffery Snyder, Susan M.Kauzlarich “Phase stability and chemical composition dependence of the thermoelectric properties of the type-I clathrate Ba8AlxSi46-x (8 < x < 15)” Journal of Solid State Chemistry 184  1293–1303 (2011)

 

Cathie L. Condron, Susan M. Kauzlarich, Franck Gascoin, and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Thermoelectric Properties and Microstructure of Ba8Al14Si31 and EuBa7Al13Si33" Chem. Mater. 18, 4939 (2006)

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Mg₂Si and other Silicides

 

G. D. Li et al., "Dramatically reduced lattice thermal conductivity of Mg2Si thermoelectric material from nanotwinning," Acta Materialia 169, 9 (2019)

 

G. D. Li et al., Mechanical softening of thermoelectric semiconductor Mg2Si from nanotwinning. Scripta Materialia 157, 90-94 (2018)

 

J. Zaikina, E. Muthuswamy, K. Lilova, Z. Gibbs, M. Zeilinger, G. J. Snyder, T. Fässler, A. Navrotsky, S. M Kauzlarich, “Thermochemistry, Morphology, and Optical Characterization of Germanium Allotropes” Chem. Mater. 26, 3263 (2014)

 

Xiaohua Liu, Heng Wang, Lipeng Hu, Hanhui Xie, Guangyu Jiang, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Xinbing Zhao, and Tiejun Zhu “Low Electron Scattering Potentials in High Performance Mg2Si0.45Sn0.55 Based Thermoelectric Solid Solutions with Band Convergence” Advanced Energy Materials 3, 1238 (2013)

 

Sabah K. Bux, Michael T. Yeung, Eric S. Toberer, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Richard B. Kaner, and Jean-Pierre Fleurial “Mechanochemical Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of High Quality Magnesium Silicide” Journal of Materials Chemistry 21, 12259 (2011)

 

Snedaker, Matthew; Zhang, Yichi; Birkel, Christina; Wang, Heng; Day, Tristan; Shi, Yifeng; Ji, Xiulei; Kraemer, Stephan; Mills, Carolyn; Moosazadeh, Armin; Moskovits, Martin; Snyder, G.; Stucky, Galen "Silicon-based thermoelectrics made from a boron-doped silicon dioxide nanocomposite" Chem. Mater. 25 4867 (2013)


C. L. Condron, J. K. Wassei, T. Ikeda, G. J. Snyder, S. M. Kauzlarich "Structure and High Temperature Thermoelectric Properties of SrAl₂Si₂" J. Solid State Chem, 182, p. 240 (2009).

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Zn₄Sb₃, ZnSb and other Zinc Animonides

 

Zn₄Sb₃

G. Jeffrey Snyder, Mogens Christensen, Eiji Nishibori, Thierry Caillat, Bo Brummerstedt Iversen "Disordered Zinc in Zn₄Sb₃ with Phonon Glass, Electron Crystal Thermoelectric Properties" Nature Materials, Vol 3, p 458-463 (2004)

 

Eric S. Toberer, Protima Rauwel, Sylvain Gariel, J. Taftø, and G. Jeffrey Snyder, "Composition and the thermoelectric performance of Zn₄Sb₃" Journal of Materials Chemistry (2010)

Gregory S. Pomrehn, Eric S. Toberer, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Axel van de Walle "Entropic stabilization and retrograde solubility in Zn₄Sb₃" Phys. Rev. B 83, 094106 (2011)

 

B. Gault, et al. E. S. Toberer, G. J. Snyder "High-resolution nanostructural investigation of Zn₄Sb₃ alloys" Scripta Materialia, 63, 784 (2010).

E. S. Toberer, K. A. Sasaki, C. R. I. Chisholm, S. M. Haile, W. A. Goddard III, G. J. Snyder "Local structure of interstitial Zn in β-Zn₄Sb₃" physica status solidi - Rapid Research Letters, 1, 253 (2007)

R. Hermann, F. Grandjean, Tsi-Chi Chen, D. Brown, C. E. Johnson, G. J. Snyder, and Gary J. Long, "An Antimony-121 Mössbauer Spectral Study of α-Zn₄Sb₃" Inorg. Chem., 46, p767 (2007).

Chalfin E, Lu HX, Dieckmann R., "Cation tracer diffusion in the thermoelectric materials Cu₃Mo₆Se₈ and β-Zn₄Sb₃" Solid State Ionics 178, 447-456 (2007)

S. Bhattacharya, R.P. Hermann, V. Keppens, T.M. Tritt, G.J. Snyder "Effect of disorder on the thermal transport and elastic properties in thermoelectric Zn₄Sb₃" Physical Review B, 74, 134108 (2006).

F. Cargnoni, E. Nishibori, P. Rabiller, L. Bertini, G. J. Snyder, M. Christensen, C. Gatti, B. B. Iversen, "Interstitial Zn Atoms Do the Trick in Thermoelectric Zinc Antimonide, Zn₄Sb₃: A Combined Maximum Entropy Method X-ray Electron Density and Ab Initio Electronic Structure Study" Chem Eur, Vol 10 p3861 (2004).

E. Nishibori, E.; Snyder, G.J.; Iversen, B.B. "The structure of high-performance thermoelectric material, β-Zn₄Sb₃ by maximum entropy method" Journal of the Crystallographic Society of Japan 47, 204-10, (2005).

G. J. Snyder, P. W. Stephens and S. M. Haile "Synchrotron X-ray structure refinement of Zn₄Sb₃" in Twenty-fourth International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'05 (IEEE, Clemson, SC, 2005), p. 312. (PDF 324 kB)

Caillat, T., J.-P. Fleurial, and A. Borshchevsky "Thermal conductivity of Zn4-xCdxSb3 solid solutions" Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, p. 103-8. (1997). (PDF 80kB)

Caillat, T., J.-P. Fleurial, and A. Borshchevsky "Preparation and thermoelectric properties of semiconducting Zn₄Sb₃" J. Phys. Chem. Solids,Vol. 58, p. 1119-25. (1997). (PDF 240kB)


ZnSb

M. Wood et al., "Phase Boundary Mapping of Tin-Doped ZnSb Reveals Thermodynamic Route to High Thermoelectric Efficiency," Advanced Energy Materials, 11, 2100181 (2021)

 

AA Shabaldin, LV Prokof'eva, GJ Snyder, PP Konstantinov, GN Isachenko, AV Asach, “The Influence of Weak Tin Doping on the Thermoelectric Properties of Zinc Antimonide” J. Electronic Materials 45, 1871 (2016)

 

M. Amsler, S. Goedecker, W.G. Zeier, G. J. Snyder, Chris Wolverton, L. Chaput, “ZnSb Polymorphs with Improved Thermoelectric Properties” Chemistry of Materials  28, 2912 (2016)

 

X. Song et al “Nanostructuring of Undoped ZnSb by Cryo-Milling” J. Electronic Materials 44, 2578 (2015)

 

P. H. Michael Böttger, Gregory S. Pomrehn, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Terje G. Finstad “Doping of p-type ZnSb: single parabolic band model and impurity band conduction” Physica status solidi - A, 208, 2753 (2011)

 

Other Zn-Sb related compounds

A. Nomura et al., “Chalcopyrite ZnSnSb₂: A Promising Thermoelectric Material” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10, 43682 (2018)

 

Gregory S. Pomrehn, Eric S. Toberer, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Axel van de Walle "Predicted electronic and thermodynamic properties of a newly discovered Zn₈Sb₇ phase" JACS 133, 11255 (2011)

 

Y. Wu, A. P. Litvinchuk, E. S. Toberer, G. J. Snyder, N. Newman, A. Fischer, E.-W. Scheidt, W. Scherer, and U. Häussermann “Thermoelectric properties of Zn5Sb4In2-δ (δ = 0.15)” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 123712 (2012)

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Mo₃Sb₇ based materials

 

Xiaoya Shi, Yanzhong Pei, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Lidong Chen “Optimized Thermoelectric Properties of Mo3Sb7-xTex with Significant Phonon Scattering by Electron” Energy and Environmental Science 4, 4086 (2011)

 

Franck Gascoin, Julia Rasmussen, and G. Jeffrey Snyder "High temperature thermoelectric properties of Mo3Sb7-xTex for x = 1.6 and 1.5" J. Alloys Compounds. 427, 324 (2007).

Sidney Wang,G.Jeff Snyder,and Thierry Caillat. "Thermoelectric Properties of Nb3SbxTe7-x Compounds." Twentyfirst International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'02 (IEEE, Long Beach, California, USA, 2002), p. 170 (PDF 155 kB)

 

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Complex Antimonides and Zintl Compounds

 

Saneyuki Ohno, Umut Aydemir, Maximilian Amsler, Jan-Hendrik Pöhls, Sevan Chanakian, Alex Zevalkink, Mary Anne White, Sabah K. Bux, Chris Wolverton, Jeffrey G. Snyder “Achieving zT > 1 in Inexpensive Zintl Phase Ca9Zn4+xSb9 by Phase Boundary Mapping” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1606361 (2017)

 

S. Chanakian et al., High Temperature Electronic and Thermal Transport Properties of EuGa2-xInxSb2. Journal of Electronic Materials 46, 4798-4804 (2017)

 

J. H. Pöhls et al., “Metal phosphides as potential thermoelectric materials” Journal of Materials Chemistry C 5, 12441(2017)

 

Umut Aydemir, Alex Zevalkink A. Ormeci, Sabah Bux, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Enhanced thermoelectric properties of the Zintl phase BaGa2Sb2 via doping with Na or K” J. Materials Chemistry A 4, 1867 (2016)

 

Umut Aydemir, Alex Zevalkink, Alim Ormeci, Zachary Gibbs, Sabah Bux, G. J. Snyder “Thermoelectric Enhancement in BaGa2Sb2 by Zn-doping” Chemistry of Materials 27 1622 (2015)

 

Nasrin Kazem, Julia V. Zaikina, Saneyuki Ohno, G. J Snyder, S M. Kauzlarich “Coinage-Metal-Stuffed Eu9Cd4Sb9: Metallic Compounds with Anomalous Low Thermal Conductivities” Chemistry of Materials, 27, 7508 (2015)

 

Umut Aydemir, Alex Zevalkink, Sabah Bux, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “High Temperature Transport Properties of BaZn2Sn2” J. Alloys Compounds 622, 402 (2015)

 

Saneyuki Ohno, Alex Zevalkink, Yoshiki Takagiwa, Sabah K. Bux, Jeffrey G. Snyder “Thermoelectric properties of the Yb9Mn4.2-xZnxSb9 solid solution” J. Mat. Chem A. 2, 7478 (2014)

 

Sabah K. Bux, Alex Zevalkink, Susan Kauzlarich, Jeffrey G. Snyder, Jean-Pierre Fleurial “Glass-like lattice thermal conductivity Yb9Mn4+xSb9 Bux, S. K., Willams, A., Janka, O., Chandler, Z., Kauzlarich, S.M., Fleurial, J.-P. “Glass-like lattice thermal conductivity and high thermoelectric efficiency in Yb9M4.18Sb9,” J. Mat. Chem A.2, 215 (2014)

 

Nasrin Kazem, Weiwei Xie, Saneyuki Ohno, Alexandra Zevalkink, Gordon Miller, G. J. Snyder, Susan Kauzlarich, “High Temperature Thermoelectric Properties of the Solid-Solution Zintl Phase Eu11Cd6Sb12−xAsx (x < 3)” Chemistry of Materials 26, 1393 (2014)

 

Tanghong Yi, Gaigong Zhang, Naohito Tsujii, Jean-Pierre Fleurial, Alex Zevalkink, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Niels Grønbech-Jensen, and Susan M. Kauzlarich “Phase characterization, thermal stability, high temperature transport properties and electronic structure of the rare-earth Zintl Phosphides Eu3M2P4 (M = Ga, In)” Inorganic Chemistry 52, 3787 (2013)

 

T. Yi, C. Cox, G. J. Snyder, E. S. Toberer, S. M. Kauzlarich "High temperature transport properties of the Zintl phases Yb11GaSb9 and Yb11InSb9" Chemistry of Materials, 22, 935 (2010)

 

Shawna R. Brown, Susan M. Kauzlarich, Franck Gascoin, and G. Jeffrey Snyder "High-temperature thermoelectric studies of A11Sb10 (A=Yb, Ca)" J. Solid State Chem. 180, 1414 (2007)

J F. Rauscher, S M. Kauzlarich,T Ikeda, G. J Snyder "Synthesis, Structure, and High Temperature Thermoelectric Properties of Yb11Sb9.3Ge0.5" Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie 633, 1587-94 (2007)


E. S. Toberer, A. F. May, C. J. Scanlon and G. J. Snyder "Thermoelectric properties of p-type LiZnSb: Assessment of ab initio calculations" J. Applied. Phys. 105, 063701 (2009)


Ø. Prytz, E. Flage-Larsen,  E. S. Toberer,  G. Jeffrey Snyder, J. Taftø “Reduction of lattice thermal conductivity from planar faults in the layered Zintl compound SrZnSb₂” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 043509 (2011)

 

A. F. May, E. S. Toberer and G. J. Snyder "Transport properties of the layered Zintl compound SrZnSb₂" J. Apl. Phys. 106, 013706 (2009)

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CoSb₃ Skutterudites

 

Yinglu Tang, Z. M. Gibbs, L. A. Agapito, Guodong Li, Hyun-Sik Kim, M. B. Nardelli, Stefano Curtarolo, G. J. Snyder “Convergence of Multi-valley Bands as the Electronic Origin of High Thermoelectric Performance in CoSb₃ Skutterudites” Nature Materials 14, 1223 (2015)

 

Yinglu Tang, Sinn-wen Chen, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Temperature Dependent Solubility of Yb in Yb-CoSb₃ Skutterudite and its Effect on Preparation, Optimization and Lifetime of Thermoelectrics“ Journal of Materiomics 1, 75 (2015)

 

Peng-an Zong, Riley Hanus, Maxwell Dylla, Yunshan Tang, Jingcheng Liao, Qihao Zhang, G Jeffrey Snyder, Lidong Chen “Skutterudite with Graphene-modified Grain-boundary Complexion Enhances zT Enabling High-efficiency Thermoelectric Device” Energy Environ. Sci. 10, 183 (2017)

 

Riley Hanus, Xingyu Guo, Yinglu Tang, Guodong Li, GJ Snyder, Wolfgang G. Zeier “A Chemical Understanding of the Band Convergence in Thermoelectric CoSb₃ Skutterudites: Influence of Electron Population, Local Thermal Expansion, and Bonding Interactions” Chemistry of Materials 29 1156 (2017)

 

Yinglu Tang, Riley Hanus, Sinn-wen Chen, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Solubility design leading to high figure of merit in low-cost Ce-CoSb₃ skutterudites” Nature Communications 6, 7584 (2015)

 

Yinglu Tang, Yuting Qiu, Lili Xi, Xun Shi, Wenqing Zhang, Lidong Chen, Ssu-Ming Tseng, Sinn-wen Chen and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Phase diagram of In-Co-Sb system and thermoelectric properties of In-containing skutterudites” Energy and Environmental Science 7, 812 (2014)

 

Yuting Qiu, Lili Xi, Pengfei Qiu, James R. Salvador,  Jung Y. Cho, Jihui Yang, Xun Shi, Wenqing Zhang, Lidong Chen, Yuan-chun Chen, Sinn-wen Chen, Yinglu Tang, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Charge-Compensated Compound Defects in Ga-containing Thermoelectric Skutterudites” Advanced Functional Materials 23, 3194 (2013)

 

P. F. Qiu, J. Yang, R. H. Liu, X. Shi, X. Y. Huang, G. J. Snyder, W. Zhang, and L. D. Chen “High-Temperature electrical and thermal transport properties of fully filled skutterudites RFe₄Sb₁₂ (R=Ca,Sr,Ba,La,Ce,Pr,Nd,Eu, and Yb)” J. Appl. Phys. 109, 063713 (2011)

 

Watcharapasorn, A., R.C. DeMattei, R.S. Feigelson, T. Caillat, A. Borshchevsky, G.J. Snyder, and J.-P. Fleurial, "Preparation and thermoelectric properties of some phosphide skutterudite compounds". Journal of Applied Physics, 86(11): p. 6213 (1999).

 

More Skutterudites

 

Z. X. Zhou et al., "Microstructure and composition engineering Yb single-filled CoSb₃ for high thermoelectric and mechanical performances," Journal of Materiomics, 5, 702, (2019)

 

S. Lee et al., “Simple and efficient synthesis of nanograin structured single phase filled skutterudite for high thermoelectric performance” Acta Materialia 142, 8 (2018)

 

Q. H. Zhang et al., “Realizing high-performance thermoelectric power generation through grain boundary engineering of skutterudite-based nanocomposites” Nano Energy 41, 501 (2017)

 

Guodong Li et al., “Defect-Controlled Electronic Structure and Phase Stability in Thermoelectric Skutterudite CoSb₃” Chemistry of Materials 29, 3999-4007 (2017)

 

Guodong Li, Qi An, Wenjuan Li, W A. Goddard, Pengcheng Zhai, Qingjie Zhang, and G. J Snyder “Brittle Failure Mechanism in Thermoelectric Skutterudite CoSb₃” Chem. Mater., 27, 6329 (2015)

 

Guodong Li, Qi An, W A. Goddard, Riley Hanus, Pengcheng Zhai, Qingjie Zhang, and G. J Snyder “Atomistic explanation of brittle failure of thermoelectric skutterudite CoSb₃” Acta Materalia, 103, 775 (2016)

 

Alex Zevalkink, K Star, U Aydemir, G. Jeffrey Snyder JP Fleurial, Sabah Bux, Trinh Vo and Paul von Allmen, “Electronic structure and thermoelectric properties of pnictogen-substituted ASn(1.5)Te(1.5) (A=Co, Rh, Ir) skutterudites” J. Appl. Phys. 118, 035107 (2015)

 

Sinn-wen Chen, Yuan-Chun Chien, Wei-an Chen, Jui-shen Chang, S M Tseng and G. J. Snyder “Liquidus projection and isothermal section at 650 degrees C of ternary Co-Sb-Ga system” J. Alloys and Compounds 637, 98 (2015)

 

Wojciech Gierlotka Wei-an Chen Jui-shen Chang Yinglu Tang Sinn-wen Chen “The Co-Sb-Ga system: isoplethal section and thermodynamic modeling” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions 46a, 1488 (2015)

 

H. Li et al., “Grain boundary engineering with nano-scale InSb producing high performance InxCeyCo4Sb12+z skutterudite thermoelectrics” Journal of Materiomics 3, 273 (2017)

 

Guodong Li et al., “p-Type Co Interstitial Defects in Thermoelectric Skutterudite CoSb₃ Due to the Breakage of Sb-4-Rings” Chemistry of Materials 28, 2172 (2016)

 

Y. L. Li et al., Enhanced thermoelectric performance in rare-earth filled-skutterudites. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 4, 4374-4379 (2016)

 

Watcharapasorn, A., R. S. Feigelson, T. Caillat, A. Borshchevsky, G. J. Snyder and J.-P. Fleurial. "Preparation and thermoelectric properties of CeFe4As12" Journal of Applied Physics, Vol 91 p1344 (2002).

Caillat, T., A. Borshchevsky, and J.-P. Fleurial "Properties of single crystalline semiconducting CoSb₃" Journal of Applied Physics, Vol 80, p. 4442-9. (1996)

Caillat, T., J.-P. Fleurial, and A. Borshchevsky "Bridgman-solution crystal growth and characterization of the skutterudite compounds CoSb3 and RhSb3" J. Crystal Growth,Vol. 166, p. 722-6. (1996).

J.-P. Fleurial, T. Caillat, and A. Borshchevsky. "Skutterudites: an Update". in 16th International Conference on Thermoelectrics. 1997. Dresden, Germany: IEEE Piscataway, NJ, p 1 (PDF 552 kB)

Staneff, G.D.; Asimow, P.D.; Caillat, T. "Synthesis and thermoelectric properties of Ce(Ru0.67Rh0.33)4Sb12" (Mater. Res. Soc. Symposium Proceedings Vol.793) : 101-6, (2004)

Watcharapasorn, A., R. C. DeMattei, R. S. Feigelson, T. Caillat, A. Borshchevsky, G. J. Snyder and J.-P. Fleurial. "Thermoelectric properties of some cobalt phosphide-arsenide compounds" Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Z1.4.1 (2000) (PDF 52 kB).

 

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La₃Te₄ Compounds

 

S. J. Gomez et al., "Synthesis and Characterization of Vacancy-Doped Neodymium Telluride for Thermoelectric Applications," Chemistry of Materials, 31, 4460 (2019)

 

JM Ma, SMClarke, WG Zeier, Trinh Vo, Paul von Allmen, G. J Snyder, RB Kaner, JP Fleurial, Sabah Bux, “Mechanochemical synthesis and high temperature thermoelectric properties of calcium-doped lanthanum telluride La3-xCaxTe4” J. Mat. Chem. C, 3, 10459 (2015)

 

A. F. May, J. –P. Fleurial and G. J. Snyder "Optimizing Thermoelectric Efficiency in La3-xTe4 via Yb Substitution" Chemistry of Materials, 22, 2995 (2010)

A.F. May, Espen Flage-Larsen , and G. J. Snyder " Electron and phonon scattering in the high-temperature thermoelectric La3Te4-zMz (M=Sb,Bi)" Physical Review B 81, 125205 (2010)

O. Delaire, A.F. May, M.A. McGuire, W.D. Porter, M. S. Lucas, M. B. Stone, D. L. Abernathy, V. A. Ravi, S. A. Firdosy, and G. J. Snyder "Phonon density of states and heat capacity of La3-xTe4" Physical Review B 80, 184302 (2009)

A. F. May, D. J. Singh, G. J. Snyder "Influence of band structure on the large thermoelectric performance of lanthanum telluride" Physical Review B 79, 153101 (2009)

A. F. May, J.-P. Fleurial, G. J. Snyder "Thermoelectric performance of lanthanum telluride produced via mechanical alloying" Physical Review B 78, 125205 (2008).

 

Mo₆Se₈ Chevrel Phase and other Metal Clusters

 

Anneliese M. Schmidt, Michael A. McGuire, Franck Gascoin, G.Jeffrey Snyder and Francis J. DiSalvo "Synthesis and thermoelectric properties of (CuyMo6Se8)1-x(Mo4Ru2Se8)x alloys" J. Alloys Compounds.431, 262-8 (2007)

McGuire MA, Schmidt AM, Gascoin F, Snyder GJ, DiSalvo FJ "Thermoelectric and structural properties of a new Chevrel phase: Ti0.3Mo5RuSe8" J. Solid State Chem. 179, 2158 (2006).

Caillat, T., J.-P. Fleurial, and G.J. Snyder, "Potential of Chevrel phases for thermoelectric applications". Solid State Sciences, 1: p. 535 (1999).

Caillat, T., S. Chung, J.-P. Fleurial, G.J. Snyder, and A. Borshchevsky. "Some properties of Re2Te5-based materials". in 17th international conference on Thermoelectrics. Nagoya, Japan: IEEE Piscataway, NJ (1998) p298. (PDF 460 kB)

Caillat, T., and J.-P. Fleurial "Thermoelectric properties of the semiconducting Chevrel phase Mo2Re4Se8" J. Phys. Chem. Solids,Vol. 59, p. 1139-44. (1998).

 

 

Half Heuslers

 

Wolfgang G. Zeier, Jennifer Schmitt, Geoffroy Hautier, Umut Aydemir, Zachary M. Gibbs, Claudia Felser, and G. Jeffrey Snyder, ”Engineering half-Heusler thermoelectric materials using Zintl chemistry” Nature Reviews Materials 1, 16032 (2016)

 

M. M. Al Malki, Q. Qiu, T. Zhu, G. J. Snyder, and D. C. Dunand, "Creep behavior and postcreep thermoelectric performance of the n-type half-Heusler alloy Hf0.3Zr0.7NiSn0.98Sb0.02," Materials Today Physics, 9, 100134 (2019)

 

K. Y. Xia et al., "Short-range order in defective half-Heusler thermoelectric crystals," Energy & Environmental Science, 12, 1568, (2019)

 

S. Anand, Max Wood, Y. Xia, C. Wolverton, G. J. Snyder “Double Half-Heuslers” Joule 3 1226 (2019)

 

S. Anand et al., “A valence balanced rule for discovery of 18-electron half-Heuslers with defects” Energy & Environmental Science 11, 1480 (2018)

 

Y. L. Tang et al., “Impact of Ni content on the thermoelectric properties of half-Heusler TiNiSn” Energy & Environmental Science 11, 311 (2018)

 

More Half Heusler

 

S. Anand, K. Y. Xia, T. J. Zhu, C. Wolverton, G. J. Snyder, “Temperature Dependent n-Type Self Doping in Nominally 19-Electron Half-Heusler Thermoelectric Materials” Advanced Energy Materials 8, (2018)

 

C. G. Fu et al., "Revealing the Intrinsic Electronic Structure of 3D Half-Heusler Thermoelectric Materials by Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy," Advanced Science, 7, 1902409 (2020)

 

K. Y. Xia, S. Anand, G. J. Snyder, T. J. Zhu, et al., “Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance in 18-Electron Nb0.8CoSb Half-Heusler Compound with Intrinsic Nb Vacancies” Advanced Functional Materials 28, 1705845 (2018)

 

J. J. Yu et al., “Unique Role of Refractory Ta Alloying in Enhancing the Figure of Merit of NbFeSb Thermoelectric Materials” Advanced Energy Materials 8, 1701313 (2018)

 

H. Z. Zhao et al., “Engineering the Thermoelectric Transport in Half-Heusler Materials through a Bottom-Up Nanostructure Synthesis” Advanced Energy Materials 7, (2017)

 

Guodong Li, Qi An, Wenjuan Li, W A. Goddard, Pengcheng Zhai, Qingjie Zhang, and G. J Snyder  “Enhanced Ideal Strength in the Thermoelectric Half-Heusler TiNiSn by Sub-Structure Engineering” J. Mater. Chem. A, 4, 14625-14636 (2016)

 

Yintu Liu, Hanhui Xie, Chenguang Fu, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Xinbing Zhao, Tiejun Zhu “Demonstration of phonon-glass electron-crystal strategy in (Hf,Zr)NiSn half-Heusler thermoelectric materials by alloying” J. Mat. Chem. A, 3, 22716 (2015)

 

Julia Krez, Jennifer Schmitt, G. Jeffrey Snyder and Claudia Felser “Optimization of the carrier concentration in phase-separated half-Heusler compounds” J. Mat. Chem A 2, 13513 (2014)

 

Hanhui Xie, Heng Wang, Yanzhong Pei, Chenguang Fu, Xiaohua Liu, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Xinbing Zhao, Tiejun Zhu “Beneficial contribution of alloy disorder to electron and phonon transport in half-Heusler thermoelectric materials” Advanced Functional Materials 23, 5123 (2013)

 

Chenguang Fu, Yintu Liu, Hanhui Xie, Xiaohua Liu, Xinbing Zhao, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Jian Xie, and Tiejun Zhu “Electron and phonon transport in Co-doped FeV 0.6Nb 0.4Sb half-Heusler thermoelectric materials” Journal of Applied Physics

 

Christina S. Birkel, Wolfgang G. Zeier, J. E. Douglas, B. R. Lettiere, C. E. Mills, G. Seward, A. Birkel, M. L. Snedaker, Y. Zhang, G. J. Snyder, T. M. Pollock, R. Seshadri and G. D. Stucky “Rapid microwave preparation of thermoelectric TiNiSn and TiCoSb half-Heusler compounds” Chem. Mater 24, 2558 (2012)

 

Han-Hui Xie , Cui Yu , Tie-Jun Zhu , Chen-Guang Fu , G. Jeffrey Snyder and Xinbing Zhao "Increased electrical conductivity in fine-grained (Zr,Hf)NiSn based thermoelectric materials with nanoscale precipitates" Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 254104 (2012)

 

 

W. G. Zeier et al., “Using the 18-Electron Rule To Understand the Nominal 19-Electron Half-Heusler NbCoSb with Nb Vacancies” Chemistry of Materials 29, 1210-1217 (2017)

 

J. Schmitt, Z. M. Gibbs,  G. J. Snyder, C. Felser “Resolving the True Band Gap of ZrNiSn Half-Heusler Thermoelectric Materials” Materials Horizons 10.1039/c4mh00142g (2014)

 

Chenguang Fu, Tiejun Zhu, Yanzhong Pei, Hanhui Xie, Heng Wang, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Yong Liu, Yintu Liu, Xinbing Zhao "High Band Degeneracy Contributes to High Thermoelectric Performance in p-type Half-Heusler Compounds" Advanced Energy Materials 4, 1400600, (2014)

 

Hanhui Xie, Heng Wang, Chenguang Fu, Yintu Liu, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Xinbing Zhao, and Tiejun Zhu "The intrinsic disorder related alloy scattering in ZrNiSn half-Heusler thermoelectric materials" Scientific Reports 4, 6888 (2014)


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Selenides

 

G. J. Snyder, T. Caillat, and J.-P. Fleurial. "Thermoelectric Properties of Chalcogenides with the Spinel Structure". Materials Research Innovations, Vol. 5, p. 67. (2001).

G. J. Snyder, T. Caillat, and J.-P. Fleurial. "Thermoelectric Transport and Magnetic Properties of the Polaron Semiconductor FexCr3-xSe4" Physical Review B Vol. 62, p. 10185 (2000).

Snyder, G.J., T. Caillat, and J.-P. Fleurial. "Thermoelectric properties of Cr3S4 type selenides". Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 545 p. 333. (1999). (PDF 1.22 MB)

Snyder, G. J., T. Caillat and J.-P. Fleurial. "Thermoelectric properties of selenide spinels" Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Z3.3.1 (2000).(PDF 228 kB)


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Other thermoelectric compounds

 

Hua Peng, Nicholas Kioussis, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Elemental tellurium as a chiral p-type thermoelectric material” Physical Review B 89, 195206 (2014)

 

G. J. Snyder, T. Caillat, and J.-P. Fleurial. "Thermoelectric properties of the incommensurate layered semiconductor GexNbTe2" Journal of Materials Research. Vol. 15, p. 2789 (2000).

Snyder, G. J., T. Caillat and J.-P. Fleurial . "Thermoelectric properties of the incommensurate layered semiconductor GexNbTe2". in 18th international conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'99 IEEE p.541 (1999)

Caillat, T.; Fleurial, J.-P.; Borshchevsky, A. "Growth and some properties of Cr11Ge19" Journal of Alloys and Compounds vol.252, no.1-2 : 12-15, (1997)

 

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Thermoelectric Nanomaterials

 

General Properties of nanostructured manterials

 

Hyun-Sik Kim, Stephen D. Kang, Yinglu Tang, Riley Hanus, G. J. Snyder “Dislocation strain as the mechanism of phonon scattering at grain boundaries” Materials Horizons 3, 234 (2016)

 

Yuan Yu, Chongjian Zhou, Siyuan Zhang, Min Zhu, Matthias Wuttig, Christina Scheu, Dierk Raabe, G Jeffrey Snyder, Baptiste Gault, Oana Cojocaru-Mirédin “Revealing nano-chemistry at lattice defects in thermoelectric materials using atom probe tomography” Materials Today 32, 260 (2020)

 

Zhiwei Chen, Wen Li, Siqi Lin, Jiawen Shen, Yunjie Chang, Binghui Ge  Riley Hanus, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Yanzhong Pei “Vacancy-induced dislocations within grains for high-performance PbSe thermoelectrics” Nature Comm. 8, 13828 (2017)

 

Peng-an Zong, Riley Hanus, Maxwell Dylla, Yunshan Tang, Jingcheng Liao, Qihao Zhang, G Jeffrey Snyder, Lidong Chen “Skutterudite with Graphene-modified Grain-boundary Complexion Enhances zT Enabling High-efficiency Thermoelectric Device” Energy Environ. Sci. 10, 183 (2017)

 

Stephen D. Kang and G. J. Snyder "Charge-Transport Model for Conducting Polymers" Nature Materials 16, 252 (2017)

 

M. T. Dylla, J. J. Kuo, I. Witting, and G. J. Snyder, "Grain Boundary Engineering Nanostructured SrTiO3 for Thermoelectric Applications," Advanced Materials Interfaces, 6, 1900222 (2019)

 

T. Ikeda, V. A. Ravi, G. J. Snyder "Evaluation of true inter-lamellar spacing from microstructural observations" J. Materials Research. 9, 2538 (2008).

 

F. Yang, T. Ikeda, G. J. Snyder, and C. Dames "Effective thermal conductivity of polycrystalline materials with randomly oriented superlattice grains" J. Appl. Phys. 108, 034310 (2010)

 

Synthesis Examples for Preparing Nanostructured Materials

 

Y. Lin et al., "Graphene/Strontium Titanate: Approaching Single Crystal-Like Charge Transport in Polycrystalline Oxide Perovskite Nanocomposites through Grain Boundary Engineering," Advanced Functional Materials, 1910079 (2019)

 

Chunlei Wan, Xiaokun Gu, Feng Dang, Tomohiro Itoh, Yifeng Wang, Hitoshi Sasaki, Mami Kondo, Kenji Koga, Kazuhisa Yabuki, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Ronggui Yang and Kunihito Koumoto, "Flexible n-type thermoelectric materials by organic intercalation of layered transition metal dichalcogenide TiS2", Nature Materials, 14, 622-627 (2015)

 

Teruyuki Ikeda, Laura Haviez, Youli Li, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Nanostructuring of thermoelectric Mg2Si via a nonequilibrium intermediate state” Small 8, 2350 (2012)

 

Bi₂Te₃ and Sb₂Te₃ nanostructures and Porous Materials

 

I. Witting et al., “Thermoelectric transport enhancement of Te-rich bismuth antimony telluride (Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3+x) through controlled porosity”J. Materiomics 6, 532 (2020)

 

Y. Pan et al., “Melt-Centrifuged (Bi,Sb)2Te3: Engineering Microstructure toward High Thermoelectric Efficiency” Advanced Materials 30, 1802016 (2018)

 

S. I. Kim, K. H. Lee, H. A. Mun, H. S. Kim, S. W. Hwang, J. W. Roh, D. J. Yang, W. H. Shin, X. S. Li, Y. H. Lee, G. J. Snyder, S. W. Kim. “Dense dislocation arrays embedded in grain boundaries for high-performance bulk thermoelectrics” Science, 348, 6230 (2015)

 

More Nanostructured Bi2Te3 alloys

 

Hyun-sik Kim; Sang Il Kim; Kyu Hyoung Lee; Sung Wng Kim; G. Jeffrey Snyder "Phonon scattering by dislocations at grain boundaries in polycrystalline Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3" Physica Status Solidi B-Basic Solid State Physics 254, (2017)

 

M. G. Lavrentev, V. B. Osvenskii, Yu. N. Parkhomenko, G. I. Pivovarov, A. I. Sorokin, L. P. Bulat, H.-S. Kim, I. T. Witting, G. J. Snyder, V. T. Bublik and N. Yu. Tabachkova “Improved mechanical properties of thermoelectric (Bi0.2Sb0.8)2Te3 by nanostructuring” APL Mater. 4, 104807 (2016)

 

B. A. Xu et al., “Highly Porous Thermoelectric Nanocomposites with Low Thermal Conductivity and High Figure of Merit from Large-Scale Solution-Synthesized Bi2Te2.5Se0.5 Hollow Nanostructures” Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 56, 3546-3551 (2017)

 

Nicholas A. Heinz, Teruyuki Ikeda, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Formation of highly oriented large nanoscale In2Te3 precipitates in bulk Bi2Te3” Acta Mater. 60, 4461 (2012)

 

Y. Pan et al., “Self-Tuning n-Type Bi2(Te,Se)3-SiC Thermoelectric Nanocomposites to Realize High Performances up to 300 degrees C” Advanced Science 4, (2017)

 

M. Hong et al., ”n-Type Bi2Te3-xSex Nanoplates with Enhanced Thermoelectric Efficiency Driven by Wide-Frequency Phonon Scatterings and Synergistic Carrier Scatterings” ACS Nano 10, 4719-4727 (2016)

 

L N Cheng, Zhi-Gang Chen, L Yang, G Han, H Y Xu, G J Snyder, G Q Lu, J Zou “T-Shaped Bi2Te3-Te Hetero-nanojunctions: Epitaxial Growth, Structural Modeling, and Thermoelectric Properties” J. Phys. Chem C 117, 12458 (2013)

 

Yichi Zhang, Tristan Day, Matthew L. Snedaker, Heng Wang, Stephan Kramer, Christina S. Birkel, Xiulei Ji, Deyu Liu, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Galen D. Stucky “A Mesoporous Anisotropic n-Type Bi2Te3 Monolith with Low Thermal Conductivity as an Efficient Thermoelectric Material” Advanced Materials24, 5065 (2012)

 

Yichi Zhang, Heng Wang, Stephan Kraemer, Yifeng Shi, Fan Zhang, Matt Snedaker, Kunlun Ding, Martin Moskovits, G. Jeffrey Snyder, and Galen D. Stucky “Surfactant-Free Synthesis of Bi2Te3-Te Micro-Nano Heterostructure with Enhanced Thermoelectric Figure of Merit” ACS Nano 5, 3158 (2011)

 

H. Mun et al., “Highly fluidic liquid at homointerface generates grain-boundary dislocation arrays for high-performance bulk thermoelectrics” Acta Materialia 159, 266-275 (2018)

 

Jikun Chen, GJ Snyder, LD Chen et al. “Direct tuning of electrical properties in nano-structured Bi(2)Se(0.3)Te(2.7) by reversible electrochemical lithium reactions” Chemical Communications 47, 12173 (2011)

 

Martin-Gonzalez M, Snyder GJ, Prieto AL, Gronsky R, Sands T, Stacy AM "Direct electrodeposition of highly dense 50 nm Bi2Te3-ySey nanowire arrays" Nano Letters 3(7): 973-977 (2003)

 

 

PbTe-Ag₂Te nanocomposites

 

Yanzhong Pei, Nicholas A. Heinz, Aaron D. LaLonde and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Combination of Large Nanostructures and Complex Band Structure for High Performance Thermoelectric Lead Telluride” Energy and Environmental Science 4, 3640 (2011)

 

Yanzhong Pei, Jessica Lensch-Falk, Eric S. Toberer, Douglas L. Medlin, and G. Jeffrey Snyder "High Thermoelectric Performance in PbTe due to Large Nanoscale Ag2Te Precipitates and La Doping" Advanced Functional Materials 21, 241 (2010)

 

Nancy Chen, Franck Gascoin, Eckhard Müller, Gabriele Karpinski, Christian Stiewe,G. Jeffrey Snyder, "Macroscopic Thermoelectric Inhomogeneities in (AgSbTe2)x(PbTe)1-x Materials" Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol 87, p.171903 (2005)

 

More Pb-Ag-Sb-Bi-Te Chalcogenide composites

 

L. Abdellaoui et al., "Density, distribution and nature of planar faults in silver antimony telluride for thermoelectric applications," Acta Materialia, 178, 135 (2019)

 

T. Ikeda, K. Bergum, G. J. Snyder “Solubility and microstructure in the pseudo-binary PbTe-Ag2Te system” Journal of Solid State Chemistry 184, 2543 (2011)

 

Wu, Hsin-jay; Lan, Tian-Wey; Chen, Sinn-wen; et al. “State of the art Ag50-xSbxSe50-yTey alloys: Their high zT values, microstructures and related phase equilibria” Acta Materialia 93, 38 (2015)

 

MH Lee, KR Kim, J-S Rhyee, SD Park, GJ Snyder “High thermoelectric figure-of-merit in Sb2Te3/Ag2Te bulk composites as Pb-free p-type thermoelectric materials” J. Mater. Chem. C, 3, 10554 (2015)

 

Hsin-jay Wu, Wei-jian Foo, Wojciech Gierlotka, Sinn-wen Chen and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Microstructure, liquidus projection and thermodynamic modeling of thermoelectric Ag-Pb-Te system” Materials Chemistry and Physics 141, 758 (2013)

 

Teruyuki Ikeda, Shiho Iwanaga, Hsin-jay Wu, Nathan J. Marolf, Sinn-wen Chen, G. Jeffrey Snyder “A combinatorial approach to microstructure and thermopower of bulk thermoelectric materials: the pseudo-ternary PbTe-Ag2Te-Sb2Te3 system” J. Materials Chemistry 22, 24335 (2012)

 

Hsin-jay Wu, Sinn-wen Chen, Teruyuki Ikeda, G. Jeffery Snyder "Formation of ordered nano-wire microstructures in thermoelectric Pb-Ag-Sb-Te" Acta Materialia 60, 1129–1138 (2012)

 

Hsin-jay Wu, Sinn-wen Chen,Teruyuki Ikeda, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Reduced thermal conductivity in Pb-alloyed AgSbTe2 thermoelectric materials” Acta Materialia 60, 6144 (2012)

 

Hsin-jay Wu, Wei-jian Foo, Sinn-wen Chen, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Ternary eutectic growth of nanostructured thermoelectric Ag-Pb-Te materials” Applied Physics Letters 101, 023107 (2012)

 

PbTe-Sb₂Te₃ nanocomposites

 

D.L. Medlin and G.J. Snyder “Atomic Scale Interfacial Structure in Rocksalt and Tetradymite Chalcogenide Thermoelectric Materials” JOM 65, 390 (2013)

 

T. Ikeda, N. J. Marolf, K. Bergum, M. B. Toussaint, N. A. Heinz, V. A. Ravi, G. J. Snyder "Size control of Sb2Te3 Widmanstätten precipitates in thermoelectric PbTe" Acta Mater 59, 2679 (2011)

 

T. Ikeda, L. Collins, V. A. Ravi, F. Gascoin, S. M. Haile and G. J. Snyder "Self-Assembled Nanometer Lamellae of Thermoelectric PbTe and Sb2Te3 with Epitaxy-like Interfaces" Chemistry of Materials 19(4) pp 763 - 767 (2007).

 

More PbTe-Sb2Te3 nanostructures

 

Nicholas A Heinz, Teruyuki Ikeda, G. J Snyder, Douglas Medlin “Interfacial Disconnections at Sb2Te3 Precipitates in PbTe: Mechanisms of Strain Accommodation and Phase Transformation at a Tetradymite/Rocksalt Telluride Interface” Acta Mater 59, 7724 (2011)

 

Teruyuki Ikeda, Marcus B. Toussaint, Kristin Bergum, Shiho Iwanaga, G. Jeffrey Snyder "Solubility and formation of ternary Widmanstätten precipitates in PbTe in the pseudo-binary PbTe–Bi2Te3 system" J Mater Sci 46, 3846 (2011)


Xian Chen, Shanshan Cao, Teruyuki Ikeda, Vijay Srivastava, G. J. Snyder, Dominique Schryvers, Richard D. James “A weak compatibility condition for precipitation with application to the microstructure of PbTe-Sb2Te3 thermoelectrics” Acta Materialia 59 6124 (2011)

 

T. Ikeda, V. A. Ravi, and G. J. Snyder "Formation of Sb2Te3 Widmanstätten precipitates in thermoelectric PbTe" Acta Materialia 57 p. 666 (2009).

T. Ikeda, E. Toberer, V. Ravi, G. Snyder, S. Aoyagi, E. Nishibori, M. Sakata " In situ observation of eutectoid reaction forming a PbTe-Sb2Te3 thermoelectric nanocomposite by synchrotron X-ray diffraction" Scripta Materialia 60, p. 321 (2009)

T. Ikeda, V. A. Ravi, and G. J. Snyder "Microstructure Size Control through Cooling Rate in Thermoelectric PbTe-Sb2Te3 Composites" Met. Mat. Trans. A, 41, p 641 (2010)

T. Ikeda and G. J. Snyder "Nanostructure formation in bulk thermoelectric compounds in the pseudo binary PbTe-Sb2Te3 system" Mater Res Soc Symp Proc 1267, 1267-DD06-07 (2010)

 

B. Xu et al., “Nanocomposites from Solution-Synthesized PbTe-BiSbTe Nanoheterostructure with Unity Figure of Merit at Low-Medium Temperatures (500-600 K)” Advanced Materials 29, (2017)

 

T. Ikeda, S. M. Haile, V. A. Ravi, H. Azizgolshani, F. Gascoin and G. J. Snyder "Solidification processing of alloys in the pseudo-binary PbTe-Sb2Te3 system" Acta Materialia 55, p 1227-1239 (2007).

 

T. Ikeda, V. A Ravi, L. Collins, S. M. Haile and G. J. Snyder "Development and Evolution of Nanostructure in Thermoelectric Pb-Te-Sb Alloys" J. Electronic Mat. 36, 716-20 (2007).

T. Ikeda, E. S. Toberer, V. A Ravi, S. M. Haile and G. J. Snyder "Lattice thermal conductivity of self-assembled PbTe-Sb2Te3 composites with nanometer lamellae" Twenty-sixth International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'07 (Jeju, Korea) p. 1 (PDF 500KB)

T. Ikeda, V. A Ravi, L. Collins, S. M. Haile and G. J. Snyder "Development of Nanostructures in Thermoelectric Pb-Te-Sb Alloys" Twenty-fifth International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'06 (IEEE, Vienna, Austria) p. 172-175 (PDF 790KB)

T. Ikeda, H. Azizgolshani, S. M. Haile, G. J. Snyder and V. A Ravi "Solidification Processing of Te–Sb–Pb Alloys For Thermoelectric Applications" 24th International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'05 p.132 (IEEE, Clemson, SC, USA, 2005) (PDF 1.6 MB).


Zn-Sb nanocomposites

 

Ø. Prytz, A. E. Gunnæs, O. B. Karlsen, T. H. Breivik, E. S. Toberer, G. Jeffrey Snyder, J. Taftø "Nanoscale inclusions in the phonon glass thermoelectric material Zn4Sb3" Philosophical Magazine Letters (2009)

H.J. Kim, E.S. Bozin, S.M. Haile, G.J. Snyder, S.J.L. Billinge "Nanoscale alpha-structural domains in the phonon-glass thermoelectric material beta-Zn4Sb3" Physical Review B 75, 134103 (2007).

 

P. Rauwel, O. M. Løvvik, E. Rauwel, E. S. Toberer, G. Jeffrey Snyder, J. Taftø "Nanostructuring in Zn4Sb3 with variable starting Zn compositions" Physica Status Solidi (a) 208, 1652 (2011)

 

Bi-Sb nanocomposites

 

Nicholas A. Heinz, Sarah Howell, Heng Wang, Teruyuki Ikeda, G. Jeffrey Snyder, “Hot pressing and nanostructuring of Bi90Sb10 alloys to concurrently improve mechanical and thermoelectric properties” Physica Status Solidi (a) 209, 2565 (2012)

 

Cu-Se nanocomposites

 

R. Nunna et al., “Ultrahigh thermoelectric performance in Cu2Se-based hybrid materials with highly dispersed molecular CNTs” Energy & Environmental Science 10, 1928-1935 (2017)

 

L. L. Zhao et al., “Significant enhancement of figure-of-merit in carbon-reinforced Cu2Se nanocrystalline solids” Nano Energy 41, 164 (2017)

 

Maria Ibáñez, Reza Zamani,  Aaron Lalonde, Doris Cadavid, Wenhua Li, Alexey Shavel, Jordi Arbiol,  Joan Ramon Morante, Stéphane Gorsse, G. Jeffrey Snyder and Andreu Cabot “Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of Cu2ZnGeSe4 Nanoparticles” JACS 134, 4060 (2012)

 

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Triboelectrics and Piezoresistance

M. Y. Wang et al., “A Percolation Model for Piezoresistivity in Conductor-Polymer Composites” Advanced Theory and Simulations 2, (2019)

 

J. Peng, S. D. Kang, G. J. Snyder, "Optimization principles and the figure of merit for triboelectric generators" Science Advances 3, 8576 (2017)

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Measurement and Processing Methods

Kasper A. Borup, Johannes de Boor, Heng Wang, Fivos Drymiotis, Franck Gascoin, Xun Shi, Lidong Chen, Mikhail I. Fedorov, Eckhard Müller, Bo B. Iversen, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Measuring Thermoelectric Transport Properties of Materials” Energy and Environmental Science 8, 423 (2015)

 

Kasper A. Borup, Karl F. F. Fischer, David R. Brown, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Bo B. Iversen “Measuring Anisotropic Resistivity of Single Crystals Using the van der Pauw Technique” Physical Review B 92 045210 (2015)

 

High Temperature Resistivity and Hall Effect (at Northwestern and JPL): Kasper A. Borup, Eric S. Toberer, Leslie D. Zoltan, George Nakatsukasa, Michael Errico, Jean-Pierre Fleurial, Bo B. Iversen, and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Measurement of the Electrical Resistivity and Hall Coefficient at High Temperatures” Review of Scientific Instruments 83, 123902 (2012)

 

Rapid Hot Press (at Northwestern): Aaron LaLonde, Teruyuki Ikeda and G. Jeffrey Snyder "Rapid consolidation of powdered materials by induction hot pressing" Review of Scientific Instruments 82, 025104 (2011)

High temperature Seebeck (at Northwestern): Shiho Iwanaga, Eric S. Toberer, Aaron LaLonde, and G. Jeffrey Snyder ”A high temperature apparatus for measurement of the Seebeck coefficient” Review of Scientific Instruments 82 063905 (2011) Independent analysis at Review of Scientific Instruments 89, 084903 (2018)

 

Shiho Iwanaga and G. Jeffrey Snyder “The scanning Seebeck coefficient measurement system for homogeneity characterization of bulk and thin film thermoelectric materials” J. Electronic Materials 6, 1667 (2012)

 

High temperature Seebeck (in operation at JPL): C. Wood, L. D. Zoltan, and G. Stapfer, "Measurement of Seebeck coefficient using a light pulse" Review of scientific instruments 56, 719 (1985).

More Thermoelectric Measurements

 

Heng Wang, Mikhail I. Fedorov, Aleksander A. Shabaldin, Piotr P. Konstantinov, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Comparison of thermoelectric transport measurement techniques using n-type PbSe” J. Electronic Mat. 44, 1967 (2015)

 

High temperature Hall effect (early JPL version no longer in use): C. Wood, A. Lockwood, A. Chmielewski, J. Parker, and A. Zoltan, "High temperature Hall-effect apparatus" Review of Scientific Instruments 55, 110 (1984).

High temperature combined Seebeck/resistivity (in operation at JPL): L.D. Zoltan, C. Wood, J.-P. Fleurial and Y. Liu, Proceedings of the IXth International Conference on Thermoelectrics, Pasadena, California, March 19-21, (1), 323-330 (1990).

High temperature Hall effect (earlier version of JPL system): J. A. McCormack and J.-P. Fleurial, "Electrical Characterization Of SiGe Thin Films" in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol 234, 135, (1991)

High temperature Thermal Diffusivity (no longer in use at JPL, commercial systems work similarly): C. Wood and A. Zoltan, "Simple high-temperature thermal diffusivity apparatus" Review of Scientific Instruments 55, 235 (1984).

High temperature Seebeck (similar version in operation at JPL): Z. H. Zhou and C. Uher, "Apparatus for Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity measurements of bulk thermoelectric materials at high temperature" Review of Scientific Instruments 76 (2005).

C. B. Vining, A. Zoltan, and J. W. Vandersande, "Determination of the thermal diffusivity and specific heat using an exponential heat pulse, including heat-loss effects" International Journal of Thermophysics 10, 259 (1989).

 

J. W. Vandersande, A. Zoltan, and C. Wood, "Accurate determination of specific heat at high temperatures using the flash diffusivity method" International Journal of Thermophysics 10, 251 (1989).

C. Wood, A. Chmielewski, and D. Zoltan, "Measurement of Seebeck coefficient using a large thermal gradient" Review of Scientific Instruments 59, 951 (1988)

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Thermoelectric Engineering

Metalization, Bonding and Mechanical Properties

C. C. Yu et al., “Titanium-based thin film metallic glass as diffusion barrier layer for PbTe-based thermoelectric modules” APL Materials 7, (2019)

 

GuoDong Li et al., “Mechanical properties in thermoelectric oxides: Ideal strength, deformation mechanism, and fracture toughness” Acta Materialia 149, 341 (2018)

 

GuoDong Li et al., “Grain Boundaries Softening Thermoelectric Oxide BiCuSeO” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10, 6772 (2018)

 

C. C. Li, G. J. Snyder, D. C. Dunand, Compressive creep behaviour of hot-pressed PbTe. Scripta Materialia 134, 71-74 (2017)

 

C. C. Yu et al., “Thin-film metallic glass: an effective diffusion barrier for Se-doped AgSbTe2 thermoelectric modules” Scientific Reports 7, (2017)

 

Guodong Li et al., "Superstrengthening Bi2Te3 through Nanotwinning" Physical Review Letters 119, 085501 (2017)

 

GuoDong Li et al., “Enhanced Strength Through Nanotwinning in the Thermoelectric Semiconductor InSb” Physical Review Letters 119, 215503 (2017)

 

Guodong Li et al., “Deformation mechanisms in high-efficiency thermoelectric layered Zintl compounds” Journal of Materials Chemistry A 5, 9050-9059 (2017)

 

Guodong Li et al., “Structure and Failure Mechanism of the Thermoelectric CoSb3/TiCoSb Interface”. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8, 31968-31977 (2016)

 

Guodong Li et al., “Mechanical properties of thermoelectric lanthanum telluride from quantum mechanics” Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics 50, (2017)

 

Guodong Li et al., "Ideal Strength and Deformation Mechanism in High-Efficiency Thermoelectric SnSe" Chemistry of Materials 29, 2382-2389 (2017)

 

Haiyang Xia, Fivos Drymiotis, Cheng-Lung Chen, Aiping Wu, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Bonding and high-temperature reliability of NiFeMo alloy/n-type PbTe joints for thermoelectric module applications” J. Materials Science 50, 2700 (2015)

 

C.C. Li F. Drymiotis, L.L. Liao, HT Hung, JH Ke, C.K. Liu, C.R. Kao , G.J. Snyder “Interfacial reactions between PbTe-based thermoelectric materials and Cu and Ag bonding materials” J. Mat. Chem. C 3, 10590 (2015)

 

C.C. Li F. Drymiotis, L.L. Liao, M.J. Dai, C.K. Liu, C.L. Chen, Y.Y. Chen, C.R. Kao , G.J. Snyder “Silver as a Highly Effective Bonding Layer for Lead Telluride Thermoelectric Modules Assembled by Rapid Hot-Pressing” Energy Conversion and Management 98, 134 (2015)

 

Wei-an Chen, Sinn-wen Chen, Ssu-ming Tseng, Haw-wen Hsiao, Yang-yuan Chen, G. Jeffrey Snyder and Yinglu Tang "Interfacial reactions in Ni/CoSb3 couples at 450oC" Journal of Alloys and Compounds 632, 500 (2015)

 

Haiyang Xia, Fivos Drymiotis, Cheng-Lung Chen, Aiping Wu, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Interfacial Reaction Between Nb Foil and n-Type PbTe Thermoelectric Materials During Thermoelectric Contact Fabrication” J. Electronic Mat. 43, 4064 (2014)

 

Haiyang Xia, Fivos Drymiotis, Cheng-Lung Chen, Aiping Wu, G. Jeffrey Snyder “Bonding and interfacial reaction between Ni foil and n-type PbTe thermoelectric materials for thermoelectric module applications” Journal of Materials Science 49, 1716 (2014)

 

Systems and Design Optimization

 

Hung, Le Thanh; Ngo Van Nong; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; et al. “Segmented Thermoelectric Oxide-Based Module for High-Temperature Waste Heat Harvesting” Energy Technology 3, 1143 (2015)

 

Pham Hoang Ngan, DV Christensen, G J Snyder, LT Hung, S Linderoth, N V Nong, N Pryds “Towards high efficiency segmented thermoelectric unicouples” Physica Status Solidi (a) 211, 9 (2014)

 

Hung, Le Thanh; Ngo Van Nong; Snyder, G. Jeffrey; et al. “High performance p-type segmented leg of misfit-layered cobaltite and half-Heusler alloy” Energy Conversion and Management 99, 20 (2015)

 

M L Olsen, E L Warren, E S Toberer, G J Snyder, D S Ginley et al. “A high-temperature, high-efficiency solar thermoelectric generator prototype” Proceedings of The Solarpaces 2013 International Conference 49, 1460-1469

 

Lauryn L. Baranowski, G. Jeffrey Snyder , Eric S. Toberer  “The Misconception of Maximum Power and Power Factor in Thermoelectrics” J. Applied Physics 115, 126102 (2013)

 

Lauryn L. Baranowski, G. Jeffrey Snyder , Eric S. Toberer  “Effective Thermal Conductivity in Thermoelectric Materials” J. Applied Physics 113, 204904 (2013)

 

Min Chen and G. Jeffrey Snyder “Analytical and numerical parameter extraction for compact modeling of thermoelectric coolers” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 60, 689 (2013)

 

Lauryn L. Baranowski, G. Jeffrey Snyder , Eric S. Toberer “Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Generators” Energy and Environmental Science 5, 9055 (2012)

 

N.R Kristiansen, G.J. Snyder, H.K. Nielsen, L. Rosendahl “Waste heat recovery from a marine waste incinerator using a thermoelectric generator” J. Electronic Materials 6, 1024 (2012) *Best Applications Paper Award 2011 International Conference on Thermoelectrics

 

Xin Gao, Min Chen, G.J. Snyder, S. J. Andreasen, S. K. Kaer “Thermal Management Optimization of a Thermoelectric-Integrated Methanol Evaporator Using a Compact CFD Modeling Approach” J. Electronic Mater. 42, 2035 (2013)

 

E.E.Lawrence and G.J.Snyder. "A Study of Heat Sink Performance in Air and Soil for Use in a Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting Device." Twentyfirst International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'02 (IEEE, Long Beach, California, USA, 2002), p. 446 (PDF 586 KB)

 

More Thermoelectric System Design

Wijesekara, Waruna; Rosendahl, Lasse; Brown, David R.; et al. “Unileg Thermoelectric Generator Design for Oxide Thermoelectrics and Generalization of the Unileg Design Using an Idealized Metal” J. Electronic Materials 44, 1834 (2015)

 

G. J. Snyder, "Design and Optimization of Compatible, Segmented Thermoelectric Generators" in Twenty-second International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'03 (IEEE, La Grande Motte, France, 2003), p. 443.(PDF 468 kB)

"Miniature Radioisotope Thermoelectric Power Cubes" NASA Tech Briefs, Feb. 2004 NPO-30328

"Aerogels for Thermal Insulation of Thermoelectric Devices" NASA Tech Briefs, July 2006, NPO-40630

G.J.Snyder, A.Borshchevsky, A.Zoltan, T.Caillat, J.-P.Fleurial, B.Nesmith ,J.Mondt, T.McBirney, D.Allen, J.C.Bass, S.Ghamaty, N.Elsner, L.Anatychuk. "Testing of Milliwatt Power Source Components." Twentyfirst International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'02 (IEEE, Long Beach, California, USA, 2002), p. 463 (PDF 4.58 MB)

Fleurial, J.-P.; Johnson, K.; Mondt, J.; Sakamoto, J.; Snyder, J.; et al. “Development of segmented thermoelectric multicouple converter technology” 2006 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 4-11 March 2006, Big Sky, MT, USA

"Thermoelectric Air/Soil Energy Harvesting Device" NASA Tech Briefs, Oct. 2005, NPO-30831.

Fleurial, J.-P., G. J. Snyder, J. Patel, C.-K. Huang, M. A. Ryan, R. Averback, C. Hill and G. Chen. "Solid-state power generation and cooling micro/nanodevices for distributed system architectures" 20th International Conference on Thermoelectrics. P. 24, IEEE (2001)

J.-P. Fleurial, G.J. Snyder, J. Patel, J.A.Herman,T. Caillat, B. Nesmith and E.A. Kolawa, "Miniaturized Radioisotope Solid State Power Sources" Space Technology and Applications International Forum Proceedings, Albuquerque, New Mexico, January 2000, (2000).(PDF 720 kB)

J.-P. Fleurial, G.J. Snyder, J.A. Herman, M. Smart and P. Shakkottai, P.H. Giauque and M.A. Nicolet "Miniaturized Thermoelectric Power Sources" 34th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference Proc., Vancouver, BC, Canada, IECEC99CD, 992569 (1999). (PDF 592 kB)

"Improved Thermoelectric Converter Units and Power Generators" NASA Tech Briefs, Dec. 1999 NPO-16556

Vladimir Semeniouk, J.-P. Fleurial, "Novel High Performance Thermoelectric Microcoolers with Diamond Substrates" Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Thermoelectrics, Dresden, Germany, August 26-29, (1997), 683. (PDF 400 kB)

J.-P. Fleurial, A. Borshchevsky, M.A. Ryan, W. Phillips, E. Kolawa, T. Kacisch and R. Ewell, "Thermoelectric Microcoolers for Thermal Management Applications" Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Thermoelectrics, Dresden, Germany, August 26-29, (1997), 641. (PDF 276 kB)

J.-P. Fleurial, A. Borshchevsky, T. Caillat and R. Ewell, 32nd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference Proc., July 27-August 1, Honolulu, Hawaii, (1997) 1080.

"Skutterudite Thermoelectric Unicouples for Generating Power" NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 25, No. 12 (December 2001), NPO-30128.

"Highly Efficient Thermoelectric Unicouples" NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 24, No. 10 (October 2000), NPO-20872.

Caillat, T., J.-P. Fleurial, G. J. Snyder and A. Borshchevsky. "Development of high efficiency segmented thermoelectric unicouples". 20th International Conference on Thermoelectrics. IEEE p. 282, (2001) (PDF 720 KB)

Caillat, T., J.-P. Fleurial, A. Zoltan, L.D. Zoltan, G.J. Snyder, and A. Borshchevsky. "Development of a high efficiency thermoelectric unicouple for power generation applications" in 18th international conference on Thermoelectrics. p. 473 (1999).

Caillat, T., J.-P. Fleurial, G.J. Snyder, and A. Borshchevsky. "Progress in Segmented Thermoelectric Unicouple". Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Z11.6.1 (2000).

T. Caillat, J.- P. Fleurial, G. J. Snyder, A. Zoltan, D. Zoltan, and A. Borshchevsky "A New High Efficiency Segmented Thermoelectric Unicouple" 34th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference p. 2567 (1999). (PDF 212 kB)

 

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Thermoelectric Microdevice

Jun Peng, Matthew Grayson, G. Jeffrey Snyder, “What makes a material bendable? A thickness-dependent metric for bendability, malleability, ductility” Matter, 4, 2694 (2021)

 

Jun Peng and G. Jeffrey Snyder “A figure of merit for flexibility" Science 366, 690 (2019)

 

K. W. Nan et al., “Compliant and stretchable thermoelectric coils for energy harvesting in miniature flexible devices” Science Advances 4, (2018)

 

G. Jeffrey Snyder, James R. Lim, Chen-Kuo Huang, and Jean-Pierre Fleurial, "Thermoelectric microdevice fabricated by a MEMS-like electrochemical process." Nature Materials, Vol 2, p 528-531 (2003)

J. Peng et al., "3D extruded composite thermoelectric threads for flexible energy harvesting," Nature Communications, 10, 5590 (2019)


G. Jeffrey Snyder, Marco Soto, Randy Alley, David Koester, Bob Conner “Hot Spot Cooling using Embedded Thermoelectric Coolers” in SEMI-THERM 21 Symposium Proceedings, (IEEE, Dallas TX, 2006). (PDF 924KB)

 

More Thermoelectric Microdevices

Koester, D.; Venkatasubramanian, R.; Conner, B.; Snyder, G.J "Embedded thermoelectric coolers for semiconductor hot spot cooling" in 10th Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronics Systems, (IEEE, San Diego, CA, 2006).

R-G Yang, G. Chen, G. J. Snyder, and J.-P. Fleurial. "Multistage thermoelectric microcoolers". Journal of Applied Physics, Vol 95, p. 8226. (2004). ITherm 2002. Eighth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems (Cat. No.02CH37258), pp. 323-329, 2002.

R-G Yang, G. Chen, A. R. Kumar, G. J. Snyder, and J.-P. Fleurial. "Transient Cooling of Thermoelectric Coolers and Its Applications for Microdevices". Energy Conversion and Management 46, 1407 (2005) (PDF 664 kB).

J. R. Lim, J. F. Whitacre, J. P. Fleurial, C. K. Huang, M. A. Ryan, and N. V. Myung, "Fabrication method for thermoelectric nanodevices" Advanced Materials 17, 1488 (2005).

J. Fu, R. Yang, G. Chen., J. P. Fleurial, and G. J. Snyder, "Integrated Electroplated Heat Spreaders for High Power Semiconductor Lasers," J. Applied Physics 104 064907 (2008); Proceedings of the 6th ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering Joint Conference, pp. 53, 2003 (PDF 288kB)

Fleurial, J.-P., J. A. Herman, G. J. Snyder, M. A. Ryan, A. Borshchevsky and C.-K. Huang. "Electrochemical deposition of (Bi,Sb)2Te3 for thermoelectric microdevices". Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Z11.3.1 (2000).

M.A. Ryan, N. V. Myung, J.-P. Fleurial, C.-K. Huang, J.A. Herman and J.F. Whitacre. "Electrochemically Deposited Semiconductor Nanowires." ECS Spring 2003 (PDF 357 KB)

J.R. Lim, G.J. Snyder, C.-K. Huang, J.A. Herman, M.A. Ryan and J.-P. Fleurial, "Thermoelectric Microdevice Fabrication Process and Evaluation at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)." Twentyfirst International Conference on Thermoelectrics. Proceedings, ICT'02 (IEEE, Long Beach, California, USA, 2002), p. 535. (PDF 614 KB)

J.-P. Fleurial, G. J. Snyder, C.-K. Huang, M.A. Ryan, and A. Borshchevsky, “Microfabricated Thermoelectric Generator Devices for Integrated High Voltage Power Sources", Space Technology and Applications International Forum Proceedings, Albuquerque, New Mexico, February 2002

"Microfabricated Thermoelectric Power Generation Devices" United States Patent 6,787,691 (PDF 2.1 MB);6,288,321 (PDF 868 KB)

B. Y. Yoo, C. K. Huang, J. R. Lim, J. Herman, M. A. Ryan, J. P. Fleurial, and N. V. Myung, "Electrochemically deposited thermoelectric n-type Bi2Te3 thin films" Electrochimica Acta 50, 4371 (2005).

D. J. Yao, C. J. Kim, G. Chen, J. L. Liu, K. L. Wang, J. Snyder, and J. P. Fleurial, "MEMS thermoelectric microcooler," Proceedings ICT2001. 20 International Conference on Thermoelectrics (Cat. No.01TH8589), pp. 401-404, 2001 (PDF 360 kB)

J.-P. Fleurial, G.J. Snyder, M.A. Ryan, C.-K. Huang, A. Borshchevsky, J.A. Herman, T. Caillat, Thermoelectric Microdevices for On-Chip Power Generation and Cooling, Fourth Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing Proceedings, Honolulu, Hawaii, December 2001

"Submillimeter-Sized Bi2-xSbxTe3 Thermoelectric Devices" NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 24, No. 5 (May 2000), NPO-20472

"MEMS/ECD Method for Making Bi2-xSbxTe3 Thermoelectric Devices " NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 32, No. 7 (July 2008), NPO-30797

 

 

NASA Tech Briefs and Technology reports


"Mechanical alloying for making thermoelectric compounds" NASA Tech Briefs, Sept 2007, NPO-44356.

"Current Pulses Momentarily Enhance Thermoelectric Cooling" NASA Tech Briefs, (May 2004), NPO-30553.

 

"Coating Thermoelectric Devices To Suppress Sublimation" NASA Tech Briefs, Sept 2007, NPO-40040.

"Macroscopic Thermoelectric Inhomogeneities in (AgSbTe2)x(PbTe)1-x Materials” NASA Tech Briefs, Oct. 2006 NPO-42657.

"Alphavoltaic Sources Using Liquid Ga as Conversion Medium" NASA Tech Briefs, July 2006, NPO-30322.

"Chevrel Phases as Potential Thermoelectric Materials" NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 26, No. 5 (May 2002), NPO-21012.

"Filled Skutterudites as Thermoelectric Materials" NASA Tech Briefs, (June 2001), NPO-19909.

"Zn4Sb3: A High-Performance Thermoelectric Material" NASA Tech Briefs (Feb. 1999) NPO-19677 and

"High-Performance Thermoelectric Materials Based on (Zn,Cd)4Sb3" NASA Tech Briefs (Feb. 1999) NPO-19851

 

 

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